Yu.E. Berezkin, E.N. Duvakin

Thematic classification and distribution of folklore and mythological motifs by area

Analytical catalogue

Ethnicities and habitats

F39. Women's time .11.-.

In the past or in a distant country, women dominated men, were active parties in marital relations, and engaged in male activities. Men were engaged in women's activities. The situation later changed. Or women missed the opportunity to gain excellence. See motive F38.

Kikuyu, Dogon, Senufo, Hadza, Tsamai, Konso, Darasa, Somalis, Algerian Arabs, Kabila, French, Yirkalla, Yulengor, Janggawtil, Western Desert, Maung, Karajeri, Busama, Kai, Western Irian, Ngain, Tibet, Khmer, Parenga, Chuan Miao, Ancient China, Chinese (Henan), Bulgarians, Serbs, Romanians, Czechs, Belarusians, Russians (Novgorod, Kursk), Ukrainians (Kharkiv, Kherson), Nogais, Ossetians, Avars, Turkmens of Khorezm, Sami, Lithuanians, Komi-Zyrians, Karakalpaks, Kazakhs, Tofalars, Western Buryats, Nganasans, Japanese, Yurok, Karok, Yana, Kawaiisu, Chatino, Guahiro, Yanomami, Aguaruna, puinave, baniva, tariana, cubeo, tatuyo, yagua, munduruku, maue, Ancash, shipibo, rickbacza, mehinacu, karaja, shavante, araucana, selknam, alakaluf, yagani.

Bantu-speaking Africa. Kikuyu [Mogai created the man Gikuyu and his wife Mumbi; they have nine daughters; after sacrificing Mogai at the tree, Kikuyu found nine young men there; he gave them his daughters on the condition that wives would be to dominate; women fought, ruled men, had several husbands, were stronger than them; having planned a coup, men decided to become pregnant with their wives at the same time, attacked them shortly before giving birth; polyandry was replaced by polygyny; people were named Mbari ya Mumbai and Mbari ya Gikuyu, but the names of the nine main lines after Kikuyu's nine daughters had to be abandoned; otherwise, women threatened to stop giving birth]: Belcher 2005:159-161 (retelling in Kotlyar 2009, No. 329:181-182); (cf. cube: Torday, Joyce 1910:237-238 [the man saw the spirit of Mashamboy's illness in the forest; the chief asked him to describe it; he replied that the spirit was too terrible, but he would depict it; the leader wearing a spirit mask entered the village; since then women and children are afraid of her, obey men], 240-241 [the son brought palm wine from the forest, drank it from his mother, hid it from his father; replied that if he had brought wine, he would not give it to his father; he prepared a sounding instrument (apparently a buzzer), frightened his son as he was walking through the forest, the young man dropped calebasses with wine; the father sent him to respond to that spirit as rude as he answered him; the son became obedient, began to bring wine to his father; the father agreed with men to frighten all teenagers to become obedient (the origin of the boys' initiation)]).

West Africa. Dogon: Griaule 1938 [two women saw Andoumboulou (little red people living in the rocks) dancing around a pole, singing, drinking beer; old Alnarga sat on the iron seat, next to him there was a wooden mask depicting him; the sound of the whistle reproduced A.'s voice; the woman told her husband that he ordered him to throw a stone at the old man; a. ran away, leaving clothes, jewelry, whistle, mask; A. did not was able to escape without being clean; the woman hid the fibers in the barn; the old man told her husband about this; he beat his wife, took possession of a mask; men took things a. from women; before that, women dominated men oppressed them; old man A. taught men everything related to masks; men gathered in a shelter in a rock]: 59-61 (Russian lane to Kotlyar 1975, No. 17:200-201); Parrinder 1967 [first, women spied on masked dancers, imitated them; Moyna found a piece of iron in the forge, made a horn; then shaped it optimally; the women hid home in fear, M. said it was the voice of the Great Mask, which will eat children and women if they go out; since then children and women have been hiding while howling]: 99-102; senufo [women used to rule over men; one husband kept his wife awake at night; she went to the healer, she gave her a remedy for impotence; but her husband went to another healer, restored an erection; then the wife ran away; then the man's penis separated from his body, chased the vulva wives; an old man offered him a rest, during which time his wife fled and returned home; but her husband's penis rushed and began to copulate with his wife; since then, men have dominated women]: Diep, Bamba 2007, No. 10:39-40.

Sudan - East Africa. Hadza [women hunted with bows and arrows, men dug tubers and rhizomes; men are unhappy that women wear bows along with prey and brushwood, decide to take them away; one boy hears about it, reports to his mother; women attacked men, killed many; men went to Mount Kitibi; two pregnant women gave birth to boys, refused to kill them, went looking for men; the Ishoko sun descended, told men to take spears and not be afraid of women; told women to give bows to men, gather and fear men]: Kol-Larsen 1962:44-48; tsamai: Jensen 1969, No. 6 [tsamai women decided to go to war, dyed their hair red; when they approached the village of Borana, they were frightened, the women took their cattle; they decided to build a village by the river; the borana saw that the women were dragging their luggage on on the back, not on the shoulder, like men, understood that they were women, they took the cattle], 7 [women used to rule, their leader was an old woman; she told her to make sandals out of big calf leather, whose manure is white colors (only very young calves who only drink milk have such manure); the shepherd suggested not to feed the big calf, then give it milk, his manure will be white; the old woman ordered that from now on men ruled; the old woman was killed]: 381; darasa: Jensen 1936, No. 14 [there were few women, they had power, men did women's work; the queen ordered to build a house whose pillars did not touch no matter what land or roof; the men asked me to show you how to do it; the queen agreed that they build a big house in the center; they dug a hole in the center, disguised it; the queen failed, they flooded her boiling water; when she died, she ordered that power should pass to men], 15 [Ako Manoje was the queen of Daras, all the leaders under her control were also women; the queen had no heiress; after learning about the plot from her mistress the heads of the conspirators, asked his wife to kill him; she brought his head, became heir to the throne; the men dug a trap hole, the queen fell into it, buried her alive, the heiress was stabbed with spears; power passed to men; (=Belcher 2005:140-141)]: 502-503, 503-504; Conso: Jensen 1936, No. 16 [Ako Manoje rules; told men 1) to bring a full cauldron of fleas; one had a clever wife Galati, advised me to collect fleas, put donkey manure in the cauldron, soon there were only fleas there; 2) make a leather shoe with fur on both sides (G.: donkey ear); 3) dig a deep narrow hole, throw it into it the fruit, then get it (pour water into the hole, the fruit will float up); 4) place the cattle not in the pen or outside the pen; G. ordered to cover the hole with skin, sit around the edges, call AM, get up, she will fall into the hole; dying in the hole, AM ordered that from now on only men rule people], 17 [men rubbed grain and did all the rest of the women's work; God sat by the path, complained that there was a thorn in his leg; women passed by, and the man felt sorry and took out the splinter; then the women found themselves at home, rubbing the grain; God filled the women in the lowland; they ran to the taller men, each into the house of one of them, began to grate grain]: 504-506, 508-507; Somalis [Arraweelo got married, had children, but wanted to do men's chores; invited women to do nothing around the house for three days; when men began to do women's affairs, women took possession of weapons, castrated men; sage Oday-Biiqe managed to hide in the forest; A. sent him to kill, but he convinced the castrates not to do it this will still come in handy; A. orders to build an arch the size of a rainbow; OB advises to ask for the size of the rainbow; A. realizes that an uncrowded man remains; OB was put on a strong camel so that A. could not notice that he is carrying something heavy; bring a skin with hair on both sides - a donkey's ear; bring curiri fruit (healing) on a camel, but do not pack the camel; OH: let the camel lie in wet clay , the fruits would stick to her skin; A. bathed in the only well; camels had to wait for her to wash her little finger, many died of thirst; after the death of her husband, A. gave birth to a girl; she gave birth to a son from OB; persuaded A. not to kill him; he went to OB, who taught him to kill A. with a spear; power passed to men, daughter A.'s son was the leader; women resigned themselves]: Hanghe 1988:132-140 (=Kapchits 1997, No. 55-60:55-60 {so!} ; mentioned in El-Shamy 2004, No. 981B: 685).

North Africa. Algerian Arabs (Tiaret Plateau) [at first, only women went to the bazaar once a week, spent idle time there, and men worked; they were tired, they banned women from going to the bazaar and going to the market now only themselves]: Aceval 2005, No. 12:29-30; kabila [women were smarter than men; God gave the girl two bags of money to the kabila and two bags of fleas to Arabs and Christians; she confused everything, gave it Kabilam a bag of fleas, Arabs with fleas and money, Christians with money; God ordered women to stay at home from now on, and make that girl a raven, black colored, and even if dogs and ants don't eat its meat; they hang a crow's head around the patient's neck - it's only good for it]: Frobenius 1921a, No. 16:87-88.

Western Europe. The French (Picardy) [men did household chores; the shoemaker stayed in the pub, his wife came to curse him; they decided not to talk to each other, whoever speaks first will do the housework; the client came to ask for boots, the couple just whistled, the client started fighting, the wife began to explain what was going on, and since then she has been doing the housework]: Kabakova 1998, No. 143:148-151.

Australia. Yirkalla; yulengor; janggawtil (northeast Arnhemland); Western Desert; Maung; Karageri.

Melanesia. Busama; kai; West Irian; ngain.

Tibet is the Northeast of India. Tibetans [Chinese authors mention a state in Tibet ruled by a woman and men subject to women]: Rockhill 1891:339 in Hutton 1914:483.

Burma - Indochina. Khmers [used to propose to men; Queen Ayuthya and many others are denied; women invite men to compete to see who pours the mountain higher before the morning stars; light up Torches in the distance, men mistake them for morning stars, quit their jobs; the mountain of women is taller, now men propose]: Foshko 1981, No. 13:94-95.

South Asia. Parenga [the women had three hairs in their tongue and boar's fangs in their mouths; it was impossible to understand what they were saying; when angry with her husband, the wife killed him with her fangs, so the men were afraid women are afraid of men as now; Ispur Mahaprabhu descended from the sky, pulled the woman's hair from her tongue and fangs, her fangs were picked up by wild boars, her hair turned into snakes, lizards and blackheads; M. made teeth made from pumpkin seeds; when the men woke up, they were frightened, but M. told them not to be afraid of their wives anymore]: Elwin 1954, No. 37:459-460.

China - Korea. Ancient China (novel from the turn of the 18th and 19th centuries) [describes the realm of women, where they wear men's clothes and play male social roles; men dress and decorate themselves as women, perform women's duties]: Li Ju-zhen 1998:277-280; Chinese (Henan, Wu. Sihua) [This village is called Sidugan ("Hill of Memories of the City") because Nuiwa built a city here in ancient times and people remembered it. Nuiva sculpted a lot of people out of clay, and she and Fuxi taught them how to fish, hunt and farm. However, they wore leaves and animal skins, and when winter came and the northeast wind blew, they were cold. N. told Fusi she wanted to build three mountains to block the wind from going. Fusi did not believe she could do it, and she replied that she was able to patch the sky, much less build the mountain. Fusi still didn't believe her, so she bet she would build three mountains in one night. Fusi agreed and said that if she really did the job, he would listen to her in everything from now on. Nuiva said that if she didn't build these mountains, she would listen to Fusi in everything from now on. At night, N. left home, and Fusi secretly followed her. She came to the scene, threw three handfuls of land on the ground. The ground rattled, fog gathered, and three mountains appeared on the plain, which gradually grew in size. Fusi realized that he would lose the argument, clenched his nose and shouted three times with a rooster. The roar stopped, the fog cleared, the mountains did not have time to grow to the required height and remained three hills. N. lost the argument and has been listening to Fusi ever since. Although it was not possible to build mountains, N. decided to build a city on this site so that people could hide from the wind there. After several tens of thousands of years, this city has disappeared. The descendants remembered Nuiva and built a new city on this site, which they called "the city of N." or "the city of the Three Hills". Even later than the Yellow River floods, this city was covered with silt and only three hills remained in its place. Note: According to another version, the three hills north of Sydugan are three piles of ash left after N. melted rocks to patch the sky. The fact that Sydugan was the ruins of the times of N. was said on the Ming era stele (14th-17th centuries) In 1978, archaeologists discovered traces of the "city of Nuiwa" that date back to the Chunqiu era (8th-5th centuries BC)]: Zhou Yang et al. 2001b, No. 13:21-22; Chuan Miao [first married sons by giving them to another family; daughters began to build a bamboo house, struggled to cut down, dragged bamboo; parents called their sons, they easily made a house; parents kept their sons at home, married their daughters, sending them to live with their suitors ; daughters were crying, other women said it was OK] :Graham 1954:21-23.

The Balkans. Bulgarians [at the request of St. Peter (John), God makes women chief, they are engaged in men's work; Peter and God travel, see his wife beat her husband; then she beats travelers; in the morning Peter prays to God to return power to men]: Daskalova-Perkovska et al. 1994, № 791A: 278-279; Bosnians (Gradacac) [at first it was a custom for wives to beat their husbands on Sunday night, as they probably deserved it in a week; but one wife began to beat her husband on Friday; God decided that from now on husbands would beat their wives not on Sunday night, but whenever they wanted]: Eschker 1992, No. 106:308; Romanians: Gaster 1915, No. 92 [for a rich man sons Kukushka and Mugur; Alexander the Great took them into his army, raised them; the army led by them killed the Psoglavtsy (dogs above the waist, stole women from people, fattened and killed men); A. s He came to the country of women with an army; they are beautiful and warriors, and their men are women; K. fell in love with a local woman, and M. remained indifferent to them; when A. led the army to the gates of paradise, Munura they let him in, but K. did not, because no one can enter heaven with his wife; the cuckoo and his wife have turned into cuckoo; the cuckoo continues to call his brother], 96 [the lark asked the ploughman not to destroy his nest, promised to give a favor; the ploughman complained that his wife was hitting him; the lark taught him to take a stick and beat his wife; at that time, all the wives beat their husbands; the neighbors, looking at the plowman, also began to beat their wives themselves; the women gathered and decided move across the Danube; people are angry with the ploughman - all because of him; the lark told the women that there are no men on the other side; the women decided to return - let them beat them]: 284-287, 296-298.

Central Europe. The Czechs [girls led by Vlasta rebelled against the men, went to the city of Devin, killed many men, executed their leader Tztirad; after that, the men prevailed, destroyed everyone women]: Irasek 1943:29-34; Czechs ["At that time, the girls of this country were reaching maturity quickly: like the Amazons, they longed for military weapons and chose their leaders; they were engaged in the military Just like young men, they hunted in the forests like men; and therefore it was not men who chose their girls for den, but the girls themselves, when they wanted, chose their husbands and, like the Scythian tribe, swimming trunks and Pechenegs, they did not know the difference between men's and women's clothing. Women's courage grew so much that on one rock, not far from the named city, they built a city protected by nature, and gave this city the name Devin, from the word "virgin." Seeing all this, the young men became very angry with the girls and, meeting even more, built a hail nearby on another rock in the middle of the thicket, no more than the sound of a horn away; today's people {call} this city is Vysegrad; at that time it was called Hrasten, from {word} thicket. Because girls were often superior to boys in cunning and deceiving, and boys were often braver than girls, so war broke out between them and then peace broke out. {And one day}, when peace was made between them, both sides decided to get together to eat and drink and party unarmed for three days at an agreed place. So what's next? Young men began to feast with girls like predatory wolves looking for prey and trying to break into the sheepfold. They had fun on the first day; there was a feast and a bountiful libation. While they wanted to calm their thirst, another thirst arose, the Young Men kept their thirst until one o'clock in the morning. Night has come, and the moon has lit up the earth from heaven. One {of the young men} blew his horn and said: "We have played enough during the day, we ate enough and drank enough. Stand up, golden Venus calls us its horn." And everyone immediately kidnapped a girl. When morning came, peace was made between the warriors; food and drink, gifts from Ceres and Bacchus, were taken away from the city {Devina}, and its empty walls were handed over to Lemniac Vulcan. Since then, after the death of Princess Libushe, women have been under male rule "]: Kozma Prazhsky 1962:46-47; Belarusians (Smolensk Gubernia) [Peter felt sorry for the women, agreed to give them power over the peasants; one day Peter and God stayed in the house; the hostess was in the tavern, when she returned, began to beat Peter; God gave power to men]: Dobrovolsky 1891, No. 62:291-292; Russians (Novgorod Region) [Jesus Christ, Peter and Paul asked to spend the night; the man let him go, but warned that his wife would come drunk and beat him; hid the guests under the bed; his wife noticed that she had beaten Jesus; in the morning he asked to do it a man is older than a woman because a man is softer]: Vlasova, Zhekulina 2001, No. 139:197; Russians (Kursk) A story about the distant past, when wives had power over their husbands. Without his wife's permission, the husband lets Nikolai Ugodnik and Elijah the Prophet spend the night in the form of old men. The wife comes home (from the meeting) drunk, angry when she finds them in the house on the stove, beats him and Nikolai. She sits on horseback on her husband, and he takes her to the bathhouse, returns to get soap, sees Nikolai changing places with Ilya, and beats him. In the morning, she makes old people threshing, Nikolai lights rye, straw burns and only grain remains. Then his wife repeats Mikalai's actions and burns down the entire village. Wives lose power over their husbands]: Aristov, Pavlov 1939:56-57; Eastern Ukrainians (Kharkiv): P.I. 1890:146-147 [Peter felt sorry for women, asked God to give them power over men; Peter and God stayed in the house; the hostess was in the tavern, when she returned, beat her husband, then Peter and God, whom the man hid under the bed; God gave power to men], 148 [women and men ruled the earth were engaged in women's work; Peter and the Savior stay in a hut; a drunken mistress returns, scolds her husband, beats Peter; he asks the Savior to establish the power of men]; Eastern Ukrainians (Kherson) [the woman asked the Apostle Paul to make women more important than men; he turned to the Lord, the Lord agreed; after a few years, the Lord asks Paul about the situation; Paul: it's better, woman kinder than a man; the Lord took Peter and Paul and went to check; asked for an overnight stay; man: this is his wife's hut, ask her; she did not let her in; and so on in all the huts; reached a rich house; there the husband is seasick baby; says that there is no wife, and she does not dare to let her go; it used to be better, but now only envy and anger; in the morning the wife came, drunk and rampant; went broke, began to beat the extreme, it was Paul; the Lord let him into the middle, and his wife began to beat the middle one, i.e. Paval again; he asked the Lord to make the man older again; option: instead of the Lord and the Apastoles, the king and his servants; in times when there was only one kingdom on earth; in another version only Peter works, without Paul]: Yastrebov 1894, No. 4:124-126.

Caucasus - Asia Minor. Nogais [even before the Tatars came to Crimea, the Nogai village of Kiz-Yar ("maiden's beam") was located on the site of Melitopol; there lived a horde of women who fought against hordes of men living next door; they were brave women, they fought well, shot with bows, rode horses and very often won and captured men; they were ruled and led to war by their queen, a beautiful girl; captured The queen imprisoned men to her female warriors; they had to do the hardest and most black jobs, and if their wives were dissatisfied with them, they were killed without ceremony and captured for themselves new husbands; only girls were born, and boys were killed; in one war, the queen was not captured by a male horde, fell in love with the prince; after paying an expensive ransom for herself, she returned to her kingdom, and unable to defeat her love, she burned herself at the stake in the Kiz-Yar beam; her army scattered and was killed or captured]: Dzyakovich 1899, pp. 24-25; Ossetians [Arkyz's tooth makes a person irresistibly desirable for people of the opposite sex; he used to be with women; Khamyts promises to turn Kyzmyda into a donkey; she asks not to do this, gives him an Arkaz tooth ]: Libedin 1978:291-294; Avars (Andeans) [at first 12 young sisters ruled; God sent them to rule over nature but not over people; but the sisters began to sin with the hunters; after that and the animals began to converge openly with each other; God told the sisters to take husbands, but they returned to a shameful life, refused to obey their husbands; at God's command, one evening, the rays of the sun They scorched their sisters, turning them into stones; because of these sisters, some women are still debauchery]: Khalidova 2012, No. 45:63-64.

Iran - Central Asia. The Turkmens of Khorezm [formerly ruled by women, this time will return in the future]: Tolstova 1984:202.

Baltoscandia. The Sami Skolts [seven girls hunted deer, got nothing; left rührstab for the cauldron in the camp site; the raven who was flying after them sat on a fir tree and started screaming, what I'm amazed at how hunters left such a thing, it's probably women, women shouldn't hunt; out of shame, girls took to heaven and became Pleiades]: Paulaharju at Lundmark 1982:105; Lithuanians [ When women ruled, they beat men; God made men/beard growers rule; St. Peter stopped for the night and was beaten; God handed over supremacy to men]: Kerbelite 2001:57, 85.

Volga - Perm. Komi-Zyryans [disappeared (the only one among the first ancestors?) cow; the hostess is looking for her; sura-pelyays mas vedzys (shepherdess from evil spirits), explains that she was angry with people because men milked the cow with one hand in the palm of their hand, so they drank milk, tore off one nipple; the cow returned, only the owner has been milking her since then]: Startsev 1924:118.

Turkestan. Kazakhs [Khan woman Zanai ruled the city of Samiram; men nursed children (boys only), women did the rest, girls were raised in Z. Palace; 99 out of 100 newborn boys killed, throwing animals and birds to pieces; who to leave was chosen by a blind old woman; when she was preparing to give birth to Z., the old woman said that her child would destroy the khanate; Z. bribed the servants by allowing them choose husbands outside Samiram; the servants said that Z. gave birth to a girl; Iskander's son was raised by strangers; men gathered around him, tried to defeat the women, but were defeated in battle; Z. must cut I.'s heart; tears from her eyes formed Amu Darya and Syr-Darya; Z. kills herself; women have fled, men have taken power; in 37,000 years, a woman will fly from the north (and establish previous order)]: Karazin 1875 in Sidelnikov 1958:153-158 (=Daurenbekov 1979:119), comm. 422-423 [N. Karazin recorded at the Chimbay Bazaar from an old woman who was dressed in Kazakh and spoke "in the local dialect" but with a Kazakh accent]; in Tolstov 1984:112-115 [Tolstova calls the text" Karakalpak "], 229 (note 90 [a similar legend was recorded by the Kazakhs of the Bukeev Horde (Astrakhan Vedomosti, 1894, No. 13, 24)].

Southern Siberia - Mongolia. The Tofalars [when the world was created, one man had 5 heads, 10 eyes, one mouth; his wife did not allow him to speak; her hair was 6 quarters long; her husband cut it off; since then a woman began to have a short mind; the current man, hearing and seeing everything, knows a lot]: Katanov 1891:45; Western Buryats: Khangalov 1958a [Esege-Malan-Tengari married his son and took him on this occasion to to the bride, but the son ran away, and every time his father drove him, he ran away from his fiancée; EMT wanted to consult Zarya-Azarg and sent for him; when ZA went up to heaven and entered the yurt, the children of heaven became laugh at him, and the hedgehog went to earth; then EMT sent three winged messengers to eavesdrop on what he would say FOR; goes FOR between the bulls and the bulls ran away when they saw the hedgehog, for which they were condemned forever carry weights and be under the yoke; for comes to a herd of horses and horses, frightened, ran away; ZA ordered that the bridle should not be removed from their head, the collar from the neck, the saddle from the back and the fetters from the legs, they will carry man and heaviness; on the way, ZA reasoned out loud: "Why does EMT not bring the bride to her son, then the bride will not leave the groom, but the groom will always leave"; after learning the words FOR, the father of heaven began to teach the bulls to wear a yoke and carry weights, and horses to the bridle and saddle, and took his son's bride and brought him to his son; since then, the Buryats began to use bulls and horses for their needs, and it was the custom of taking the bride to the groom's house, and not vice versa]: 327; 1959 [while Abay Geser Bogdo Khan is captive, his wife Alma-Mergen Khatan goes to her father in the underwater world; G. comes there, sees his son, tells him not to speak, in which side he goes, goes north; AM shoots after him, but only cuts off the red brush on his hat; says that since she missed a man the size of a mountain, from now on women will not shoot with a bow; whoever shoots will cut off his thumb and shoulder; women used to shoot on a par with men; G. and AM reconcile, return to the ground]: 304-305.

Western Siberia. Nganasana [in the old days, women could hunt just as men; they were so addicted to hunting that they abandoned their entire household and, in addition, caused a lot of misery to no avail shooting not only at animals, but also at people (men); when they saw men, they did not come close to them and killed them with shots from afar; then the men consulted and decided to calm down the women and force them again they take care of the household; they caught all the women and broke their bows; since then, the Nganasan women have stopped hunting and have become subordinate to men]: Popov 1984:27.

Japan. Ancient Japan [At the beginning of time, seven generations of gods appear, the first two are alone, the rest are in pairs, brother and sister; the last pair is Izanagi and his younger sister Izanami; they stand on the Heavenly Floating Bridge (probably a rainbow), an island emerges from a drop of water that falls from their spear; they build a pole and chambers; I-gi: How does your body work? - I grew up, did not grow in one place; - Mine has grown too much in one place; you have to put what I grew up in where you did not grow up, have children; Izanami goes around the pole on the right, Izanagi on the left; when Izanami meets, the first one says: What a handsome young man; Izanagi replies: What a beautiful girl; they give birth to a leech child; the heavenly gods recommend repeating a wedding ceremony to be the first to utter the words I-gi; now they give birth to Japan's islands, gods and goddesses (wind, rivers, sea, trees, mountains, plains, food, etc.); giving birth to the god of fire, Izanami dies]: Kojiki 1994, Vol.1-6:38-45; Nihon Shoki 1997, Scroll 1:118-120.

(Wed. NW Coast. Quakiutl [in the old days, women pretended to do something three times before actually doing it (when they started eating, walking, etc.); it was one of the signs that all supernatural beings are women, because women are more careful and cautious than men; it is said that "all women of all tribes are supernatural beings, because they constantly do cleansing rituals above yourself"]: Boas 1932, No. 545:229).

California. Yurok [women, not (only) men, sat in the sweat-house; the hero made a hot fire; the women couldn't stand it and left; since then, only people gather in sweating houses men]: Kroeber 1976, No. C1, F1:212, 273; Karok [Coyote wanted women to own a public space (sweat-house) and men to own a residential one; because women littered the house to sweat with rods for baskets, etc., Coyote changes his mind]: Kroeber, Gifford 1980, No. II12:158; Yana [men were women and vice versa; those men couldn't catch deer; those women put men around the fire, they threw stones into the fire; shards scattered, splitting men's genitals; and women turned into men]: Sapir 1910, No. 6:88; kawaiisa [women, not men, hunted; Coyote steals an arrow from The jay girl he wants to marry; all men go hunting, the best hunter will marry Jay; the little Red Bug hits many deer with one arrow; gets Jay; the Coyote is furious, decides that women won't hunt from now on]: Zigmond 1980, No. 9:47.

Mesoamerica Chatino [women control men; spend nights with their platonic lovers; at this time they take off their heads, put them on the ground; a man watches over his wife, swaps her heads, and her friend; women realize they don't have real sacred power to govern; power passes to men]: Bartolomé 1979:29.

The Northern Andes. Guajiro: Wilbert, Simoneau 1986 (1), No. 34 [women had teeth in their vulvas; to remove the baby, the pregnant woman had to rip open her stomach; then her stomach was sewn up; Mareiwa throws a stone into the vulva, knocks out their teeth, children can now be born normally; that woman's name was Worunka; this place is now a rock shaped like her vulva; the birds touched this rock and got their red plumage; while there were teeth in the vulvas, men inserted a penis into the navel of women; in Vorunka's time, a woman bought a man, came to have sex with him at his house; Mareiva did the opposite (the man moves to the house near woman and manages there)], 44 [Maleiwa wanted to answer women the role of men; called the woman, but she refused to leave the kitchen; then called the man, he lay down in a hammock; M. decided that so be it, a woman is only good for homework]: 91-92, 120; (cf. muischi [a female deity tries to reverse the order established by a male deity]: Hernández de Piedrahita 1942 [1676] (1), book 1, ch. 3:32-33; Simón 1882-1892 (2) [1627], ch. 2:285-286).

Southern Venezuela. Yanomami.

Western Amazon. Aguaruna [women are ineffective in war; a man gives his breasts to a woman and becomes a warrior himself]: Guallart 1958:92-93.

NW Amazon. Puinave; baniva; tariana; cubeo; tatuyo; yagua.

Central Amazon. Munduruku; maue [women, not men, used bows and arrows]: Ugge 1991, No. 1:121.

The Central Andes. Ayavinha, Ragash County, Sihuas Province, Dep. Ancash [God sends a chihuaco bird (= yukuk, Turdus sp.) to tell people to dress in leaves; C. says people should spin sheep wool; God tells women to seek connections with men and work in the fields, men do household chores; C. says that the opposite will be true; God tells men to have periods; C. puts some blood on the man's penis; he thinks it's ugly, it passes on periods to women]: Souffez 1988:53-54.

Montagna - Jurua. Shipibo.

Southern Amazon. Rickbacz [people eat tapir crap, wood mushrooms, cassava, don't know onions and arrows; a woman commanded men, only drank and ate, a man was cooked; one finds a seed, it turns into a bird's egg; she puts it in all the folds and recesses of her body; when she clamps it in the palm of her hand (var.: under the knee, in the fold of her abdomen), the egg gives birth to a boy; while the mother was not at home, another woman became massage his penis, got along with him; his penis grew; his mother took her son to the forest, he turned into Tapir; his mother made his legs and ass invulnerable by burning fire, stuffing leaves; but he can be killed in the armpit; Tapir copulates with all women, starting with the one that came when he was a boy; men suspect, sent birds to find out; while women in the field make their first bows, go to the river, imitate in the voices of women, Tapir was shot dead; the husband of the one who came to see the child hung Tapir's severed penis over her hammock; the women turned their children into birds, animals; one blew on a leaf, the water poured down, formed a river; Cayman carried the ugly ones first, then the beautiful ones; warned that the wind would blow in the middle of the river, they should not spit; the ugly ones held back, one beautiful spit, he spit them drowned; their voices and laughter can be heard from the river; some have turned into fish, stone, birds; sweet potatoes and corn grow at the bottom; the Sloth told the men what happened; they began to copulate with him, he told him it is better to catch women; men caught Carp first, but missed it; then Akara fish, she turned into a woman, new people from her; if they were more beautiful from the Carp; women carried the fire across the river; cf. D4A motive]: Pereira 1994, No. 1:17-34 (Pereira 1973, No. 12:46-47); Mehinacu.

Araguaia. Karazha.

Eastern Brazil. Xavante [armed, ancient women attacked a village of evil spirits whose voices men now reproduce during rituals, and put together ritual songs on their way home]: Wilbert, Simoneau 1984a, No. 118:369-374.

The Southern Cone. Men overthrow women's dominance and prohibit them from organizing rituals. Araucans; alakaluf; selknam; yagans.