Yu.E. Berezkin, E.N. Duvakin

Thematic classification and distribution of folklore and mythological motifs by area

Analytical catalogue

Ethnicities and habitats

I41. Rainbow serpent, A791.2. .11.-.

A rainbow is a reptile (usually a snake), less often a fish or a snake-shaped, usually dangerous object (snake tongue, scorpion tail).

Como, taraka, luba, tabwa, bemba, bisa, wanika, kaonde, lunda, luchazi (ngangela), holoholo, karanga, nyakusa, songe, kongo, yombe, wili, fang, voio, fioti, boa, mbala, mukunyi, Zela, Zulu, Embu, Kikuyu, Yoruba, Igbo, Ijo, Bambara, Baule, Jukun, Loma, Ewe, Von, Dan, (Dogon), Hausa, Songhai, Pygmies Mbuti (incl. kango), gang (?) , Zande, Didinga, Murle, Shilluk, Kakwa, Moru, Fajulu, Masai, (truck, baka), Bretons, Germans (north?) , all of Australia, Garageri, Viragery, Voiganbon, Vailwan, Penfater River, Oenpelli, Nyol-Nyol, Tiwi, Murinbata, Kakadu, Anula, Cape York, Bunya Bunya, Forrest River, Murngin, Bud, Numanbor, Kamilaroi, yualarai, quiambal, jaminjung, virajuri, warramunga, warlpiri, majprat, loaf, dugum dani, baruya, arapesh, kuli, kiaka, bukavak, middle reaches of Ramu and upper reaches Keram, keraki, vatut, San Cristobal, Fiji, Bugun, Mishmi, Shana, Sre, Ancient India, North India, Himachali Pahari, Mundari, Ho, Birkhor, Muria, Mariah, Baiga, Gondas, Pardhan, Birkhor, Kol, Oraon, Uttar Pradesh, Semangi, Senoi, Malays, Dayaks, Javanese, Balinese, Flores, Fataluku, Kedang, Manobo, Mangyan, Negrito Luzon, Ancient China, Chinese (Southern), Chinese (Gansu), Miao, Meo Vietnam, Ancient Greece, Bosnians, Serbs, Albanians, Hungarians, Romanians, Macedonians, Poles, Russians (Novgorod, Tula), Ukrainians, Belarusians, Abkhazians, Persians, Kalash, Estonians, Finns, Lithuanians, Khorin Buryats, Miyako Islands, Ancient Japan, Japanese, Quakiutl, Makah, Swamp Cree , northern solto, shayen, chirokee, screams, yuchi, western (?) shoshoni, zunyi, yaki, tarahumara, totonaki, sierra popoluca, mixteci, chinanteca, masateki, triki, tsotzil, chorti, tsutujil, mom, cacchikel, pech, embera, Cordillera de Merida, Bari, paez, cuiva, panare, maquiritare, yanomami, akawai, taulipan, tamanak, carinha (Orinoco), waiwai, oyampi, colorado, canelo, napo, murato, shuar, aguaruna, bora, andoque, desana, macuna, yagua, chikuna, kokama, piapoco, omagua, mura, manao, all mountains of Peru and Bolivia, amuesha, ashaninka, kanamari, shipibo, apurina, charambet, takana, baure, mojo, eseeha, chiriguano, cumana, tupari, surui, vaura, calapalo, paresi, bororo, karazha, ramkokamecra, botocudo, matako, toba, pilaga, chorote, nivacle, lengua, vilela, quechua Santiago del Estero, ache, all Guarani, Araucanas.

Bantu-speaking Africa. Congo (wili) [rainbow — six snakes (in number of colors, but also male and female snake]: Chaplin 1959:153; yombe: Bittremieux 1935:241 [rainbow is a huge snake coming out of the water stop raining] (retelling in Werner 1933:234), 244-245 [When a man climbed a palm tree, he saw a rainbow snake there; stabbed it, fell to the ground; it was cut to pieces, the meat was sold to Europeans], 245-246 [Several of one man's wives went fishing; they thought there was a fish in the hole by the shore, there was a rainbow snake; it killed one of the women, they killed her; the meat was sold to Europeans]; Studstill 1984 [Thunder Beast, master of the sky, the rainbow snake kills with rain]: 92; Scheub 2000 [Mbumba is a rainbow, a water snake, when it reaches the sky, the rain stops; fights lightning-NZazi]: 145-146; Congo (the border of Cabinda and Congo-Brazzaville) [rainbow (Chamma) - a huge snake that enters the river at its source, swells it, taking everything with it]: Dennett 1898:6; woyo [Mboze's great mother, Kuitikuiti's wife gave birth to humans; when gave birth to a snake, her husband realized that his father was not him, but his son Makanga, killed his wife; the Bunzi snake became responsible for the rain, visible as a rainbow]: Scheub 2000:26; fioti [rainbow is a bridge between earth and sky; snake that draws in water]: Pechuël-Loesche 1907:134; mbala [rainbow — water snake]: Hambly 1931:38 (=Loewenstein 196:34); boa [rainbow is a snake, swallows women if they fit to the river when the rainbow is visible]: Halkin 1911:353; como [rainbow is a snake with heads on both ends of the body; each head has a pair of horns; a male symbol, dangerous; drinks with both mouths]: Mahieu 1975:238; mukunhas: Jacobson-Widding 1991 [a snake lives in the water, it has two heads, a male and a female; when heaven and earth are at odds, the snake arches in the air between them, it's a rainbow]: 184; Loewenstein 1961 [rainbow — a snake crawling out of the water, crawling on a tree to bathe in the heavenly waters]: 34; kikuyu, taraka [the rainbow is a snake with sparkling scales, its reflection in the sky is a rainbow]: Chaplin 1959:157; kikuyu: Abrahamsson 1951 [Wamweri (“son of the month”), against the advice of Wadua (“son of the sun”), marries a one-eyed girl; another, Washuma, rejects suitors; offers beans and milk, he only drinks milk; she advises staying in the house, because every night Mukunga Mbura Rainbow Serpent comes out of the lake, steals cattle; Wadua stays in the house, but goes out at night, kills MM; in the morning, the girls' father suggests competitions to find out who killed the snake; 1) running (Wadua wins); 2) get the feathers of a certain bird; while Washuma waits on the shore, Wadua descends into the lake, brings cattle out of the water in the morning; the water disappears, Wadua comes to his father-in-law with his wife and cattle]: 196-197; Loewenstein 1961 [A Masai group once killed a rainbow snake with a spear in the neck]: 35; Radin 1952, No. 80 [Rautledge 1910; giant Mukunga M'bura (“rain snake”) “, i.e. Rainbow) is dissatisfied that the boy grazes goats in the grass he considers his own, comes out of the lake, eats everyone; the little boy hides, grew up, ready to hit MM with a sword in the heart; MM asks cut his finger, then dig a hole, swallowed ones come out; the young man promises not to kill MM, but then decides that he is too dangerous; his men cut MM apart, one leg falls into the lake; the next day, the young man sees that the lake has dried up, cattle are wandering there; MM's sons took their father's remains, water, went to another place, and left the cattle]: 296-297 (translated to Zhukov, Kotlyar 1976, No. 111:255-257); Scheub 2000 {apparently a retelling of the same text as in Radin 1952} [the rainbow is the reflection of the water monster Mukunga M'bura; he eats goats and cows; a young Masai hit MM in the only vulnerable place — the back of his head; the boy herded MM ground; he swallowed all the people, cattle, at home; the boy grows up, goes to MM with a sword; he asks not to cut him in his heart, but to make a hole in his little finger; swallowed come out; the young man at first regretted MM, but then he killed him, threw his severed leg into the river; the next morning it is dry, grazing the cattle swallowed by MM, which were still in it]: 159; kamba [in Kamba, utați rainbow, but there is huge mythical snake mukuga-mbua, even though mbua means “rain” and in Taraka the rainbow means mukuga-mbua]: Lindblom 1920:274; zela [there are two rainbow snakes, male and female; female less visible, less dangerous; both come out of an anthill]: Chaplin 1959:156; luba (shaba): Studstill 1984:80 [rainbow — snake, older brother, rain — younger sister], 100 [1) rainbows form two red snake, male and female, joining in the sky to “catch fire” and stop the rain; 2) rainbow — smoke coming out of the mouths of two snakes, red and black], 101 [ancestors committed incest, including rainbow by a snake; for this it was thrown out of the sky, and people lost their immortality], 104 [the rainbow can be dangerous, it is frightened away by making all sorts of noise]; luba-hemba: Colle 1913:462-463 [anyone touched by the ends A rainbow snake will die immediately, except for those named Mwamba and Nkongolo], 475 [rainbow — Mamba snake], 718-719 [rainbow is smoke coming out of the mouth of the huge Kongolo snake; it was an evil man who became a snake; sometimes black smoke rises from the termite mound — this is Kongolo]; luba-kasai, Bakwa Kaloshi [Monsambala — rainbow snake]: Frobenius 1983:322; luba-kasai: Bittremieux 1935 [rainbow — snake in clouds sending rain]: 241; cold [rainbow is the breath of a snake spirit when it crawls out of a hole in the rain]: Schmitz 1912:435; tabwa [rainbow is the breath of a huge (“infinite”) snake]: Roberts 1991:251; Songye [three stars of the Orion Belt — “dog, hunter, game”; hunter — Wind, he takes the souls of the dead to Kalunga (the land of the dead; the dog is his assistant Rainbow; game — the ancestor of Mpuela humans and all mammals; the rainbow is a snake in a number of episodes]: Wouters 1949:232-246 in Studstill 1984:130-131; lunda [drawing on the sand is a stylized pair of snakes depicting rainbow]: Chaplin 1959:156; luchazi (Ngangela, Gonzelo band) [the Muchisi snake, the size of a python, attacks bathers or anyone approaching the body of water in which it lives; it attacks the shadow a person, remaining invisible; the victim loses consciousness, but if another person guesses to cut the victim's vein, Muchisi will rush to the blood flowing through the earth, and the person will survive; the rainbow will be the spine Muchisi; if a tribe sees a rainbow in the sky or near a waterfall, they run away, considering them evidence of Muchisi's presence; thunder is a sign of her anger]: Hauenstein 1960:? ; bemba [the rainbow comes out of the snake's mouth or eyes]: Chaplin 1959:156; bisa [the rainbow looks like a crocodile]: Chaplin 1959:156; karanga [Mbungu is a rainbow snake living in water]: Chaplin 1959:157; Zulu: Callaway 1864-1885 (2): 14 in Bittremieux 1935 [rainbow — water-drinking snake]: 242; Chaplin 1959 [snake lives with rainbow]: 158; kaonde [if you go there, Where a rainbow touches the ground, a snake will bite]: Chaplin 1959:162; embu [uncle tells his nephew he will only occasionally show him his bow — west in the morning and east in the evening; his bow is a rainbow , it's called “rain eel”]: Bernardi 1978:184; vanika [rainbow is a snake in the sea from water to sky]: Loewenstein 196:34; nyakusa [people are afraid of the rainbow because it appears when a boa constrictor looks up to the sky]: Wilson 1959:60; fang [grandmother asks her grandson Ekute to take her to a place where she can catch fish; rejects all places along the stream; she has to lead her to the river; she goes in all deeper into the water and hides under water; then a big snake appears in the water; E. wants to kill her, but she asks her to take her time; she was brought in a basket to Father E.'s house; everyone came to watch, left money, E.'s father bought two wives; once only E. himself was at home; people demanded to show them the snake; E. made a crack in the wall, the snake crawled away; became a rainbow; the tail became a boa constrictor, eggs became various small snakes]: Kunze 1990:12-14.

West Africa. Baule [rainbow is the breath of the red snake Woi; if it rains in the rainbow, it is Voi's saliva; it causes leprosy, so children are not allowed to go outside at this time; you should not point to the rainbow hand — leprosy wears off your hand, you can point with a nod of your head]: Himmelheber 1951b: 19-20 (trans. Himmelheber 1960:43; quoted in Kotlyar 2009, No. 112:103); bambara [rainbow - “dragon” (in one dialect)]: Vydrin 1999:40; background [the rainbow snake is depicted as made of clay and a curled horned snake placed in a vessel; Aido-Hwedo was created before earth and sky; carried a demiurge in its mouths when it created the world; mountains arose from its excrement; then the demiurge told her curl up in a ring, biting its tail, holding the ground; so that AH does not suffer from the heat, the demiurge created the sea; feeds on iron bars that monkeys make for it; when it moves, they occur earthquakes; when there is no iron left, AH swallows its own tail, the earth will collapse into the sea; another (twin?) AH lives in the sky, it is a rainbow snake, and thunderstorms hit the ground; the snake's tail is twice as long as the distance from heaven to earth, so thunder peals are lengthy]: Herskovits 1938:247-250 (retelling in Kotlyar 1975:108, in Chaplin 1959:156); background [red in the rainbow is male snake, blue is female]: Chaplin 1959:153; eve: Abrahamsson 1951 [during the rain, the Rainbow Serpent climbs to the sky; where the ends of the rainbow come from, you can find valuable beads]: 212; Spieth 1906 [a rainbow is a huge snake, or rather its soul; sometimes it is a pair of creatures — a serpent and his spouse]: 552-553; Werner 1933 [rainbow — the snake's reflection in the clouds; this snake lives in anthills, comes out when it rains]: 232; scrap [the rainbow comes out of the striped frog's mouth, falls into the termite]: Schwab 1947:411; yoruba: Kotlyar 1975 [Oshumare rainbow is an underworld snake that comes out of the earth to drink water from the sky]: 105 (=Chaplin 1959:156, =Greenberg 1946:56); Thomas 1919 [Ikpiame rainbow — water/rain snake; when It grows to the height of a palm tree, comes out of the forest; when it rains, it drinks water from the sky, the rain stops; in Gwatthey say that the rainbow throws a red stone; the one who finds it will get rich]: 182; Igbo [rainbow - The boa constrictor, which has been eaten in the river for years, has not yet reached a size that allows it to stretch across the sky; where the rainbow “falls”, an important person will die; the rainbow is depicted as an arc with heads on both at the ends of the body, every mouth swallows a person or animal; the rainbow punishes offended gods and helps the innocent]: Cole 1982:159; Igbo, ijo [rainbow is a heavenly serpent; see the full the arc is — fortunately incomplete — unfortunately; when a snake moves to another body of water, it makes its way with a rainbow]: Talbot 1932:19; ijo (calabari) [a rainbow is a huge heavenly boa constrictor looking for own home]: Hambly 1931:38; jukun [the rainbow is the world's largest snake; crawls out of the ground, pumps water into the clouds, from where it rains back]: Meek 1931:200; (cf. Dogon (nanga) [rainbow — Nombo (aka Nommo, dieux de l'eau Griola, one of its hypostases; N. lives in a river of uncertain sex, anthropomorphene, has long hair, charmingly beautiful, tongue divided in two, like a snake, drinks blood, can turn into a child, take children to a pond and drown there; patron of the village located near the reservoir where he lives; N. many, each village has its own; N. they can conflict with each other; the rainbow is fearful, you can't point your finger at it, its appearance is not good]: Kirill Prokhorov, personal message 01.08.2010); house: Fletcher 1912 [the spirit of the rainbow is Gajimare; the red part of the spectrum is masculine, the rest is feminine; lives in rivers, in springs in the form of a snake, he must leave a vessel of water in the house; rises from an anthill like the wind ; the Hottentots think the same way]: 94; Greenberg 1946 [Gajimari is a rainbow serpent; in the form of a snake, it lives in anthills and wells; stops the rain, rising in the sky to drink rainwater; after the rain stops unfolds in the sky as a rainbow; he himself is a red stripe, his wife and the deity of thunder Ra is blue]: 40-41; Tremearne 1913 [Gajjimare, the rainbow is the serpentine god of rain and thunderstorm; two-sex, red stripe — man, blue is a woman; lives in thunderclouds and in any body of water; other words for the rainbow are “drinking water” and “spider bow”]: 112; dan [the rainbow is caused by the Dau toad living in termite mounds; when it rains, it crawls out, opens her mouth, the rainbow comes out of her mouth; whoever eats this toad will die immediately]: Himmelsheber, Himmelsheber 1958:202; songhai [rainbow — “sky serpent” (bēna gondi)]: Prost 1956:300 , 372.

Sudan—East Africa. Mbuti: Abrahamsson 1951 (cango) [rainbow serpent is identified with the creator of Mungu; during a thunderstorm, lightning is its tail]: 116; Dupré 1963 [rainbow - boa constrictor]: 84-85; Turnbull 1959 [=1965:268; the girls went for firewood, began to cross the river along the trunk of a fallen tree; it was a water creature klima (Rainbow); when everyone crossed and left the last girl with a man to join her, klima descended into the water; these man and girl were still seen on a stone in the middle of the river]: 56; the gang [rainbow {it is not directly said that it is a snake, but} lives in springs, tree hollows, termite mounds; from there it climbs to the sky; the disturbed person is sucked out like a mollusk]: Daigre 1931:685; Zande: Hambly 1931 [(various details about the rainbow snake)]: 42; Loewenstein 1961 [rainbow is a swamp snake when it rains going to swim]: 45; Lagae 1920:147-149 [the rainbow is a snake that God has made different from other snakes; more precisely, it is a pair of snakes; the one closer to the ground is a female and above it is a male; if the rainbow comes to a village, people run away from it, and carry away the rest; lives in termite mounds; a person cannot kill it; if you kill it, the water will flood the whole earth; if you see the corpse of the rainbow, it has serious consequences, the parents of the seeker will die in the same year; the rainbow does not bite people, but sucks and burns], 155 [the appearance of the rainbow is a bad sign; if in the West, many women will die, and if in the east, men will die; the rainbow in the air is just a reflection of a rainbow snake that lives on earth; if a rainbow appears often in the vicinity of the village, you should contact a sorcerer]; diding: Kronenberg 1972 [aquatic creatures Borogheg is associated with thunder and lightning, with a rainbow; if B. leaves a river or spring, it dries up]: 140; murle [there was no fire, people cooked meat, cutting it in thin layers and putting it under the sun; the grain was crushed and soaked; one day the dog saw a rainbow, ran after it to a cave with a narrow entrance; inside the rainbow lay, curled up in rings around the fire like a huge boa constrictor; the dog quietly attached to the tail of the burning smut, ran, crossed the river; the rainbow did not catch up with it; the dog handed fire to all the trees, from which it is now obtained by friction]: Lewis 1947:135 (briefly in Lewis 1971:128; in Tegnaeus 1950:135 is a retelling of this text where it is referred to diding); shilluk [rainbow is denoted by the same word as the great venomous snake]: Westermann 1912:279; kakwa, moru , Fajulu (fajulu, bari subgroup), Lululba (?) [west of the Nile, the rainbow is considered a huge snake that is dangerous to approach]: Scheub 2000:176; (cf. Trucks [when they see a rainbow, trucks smear soot on their heads to avert the disaster]: Beaton 1948:39; ari ( baka) [rainbow is the breath of agimm, i.e. spirits of the dead, evil spirits; starts where agimm's house is]: Jensen 1959:68); Masai [warriors heated their spears and hit the rainbow in the back of the head — its only vulnerable place]: Hambly 1931:41.

(Wed. Southern Europe. Corsicans [seeing the rainbow say the devil will drink from the river or sea]: Sébillot 1904:70).

Western Europe. Bretons: Sébillot 1904 (Lannion) [a rainbow is a big snake descending to the ground to drink water; some claim to have seen it have burning eyes or the head of a horned bull]: 69-70; Maclagan 1897 [a rainbow is a snake that descends to refresh itself when it does not have enough water at the top; when they see it, peasants say it is drinking from such a pond]: 238; Luzel in Bittremieux 1935 (C&# 244; TES-du-Nord) [a rainbow is a snake that came down to the ground to drink because it did not have enough water in the sky]: 243-244; Germans (1300, Heidelberg) [the rainbow is associated with a snake]: Bittremieux 1935:244.

Australia. All of Australia [the idea of the rainbow snake is not limited to any one region in Australia, but is typical for Australian culture as a whole]: Radcliffe-Brown 1926:24; karageri: Capell 1950:150-151 in Waterman 1987, No. 132 [The sun and his sister lived on earth, shivered, went to heaven, moving from east to west and carrying a rainbow snake in the vessel; the sister promised the Sun a husband, but did not find it; women lost the Rainbow; their trail became a river — the Milky Way], 705 [Gagamara and Gombarin, tall as trees, brought ceremonies, sacred objects, named the tracts; drove the woman away, preventing her from seeing the ceremonies, they turned into Magellanic Clouds; options: having sex with a woman she met, established local marriage rules; created a Rainbow Snake, which then created land, sea, fish, rivers, etc.]: 29, 41; Elkin 1930 [heroes killed a water snake (rainbow) by hitting the eye; now these eyes are in the sky, one is closed]: 351; Guinee [a rainbow snake is called lúmiri (a species of snake ) or Birimara]: Capell 1939:393; Tiwi: Harner, Elkin 1943 [rainbow - snake]: 232; Hart 1931 [a snake lives in streams and reservoirs, which is especially dangerous for pregnant women and taboo breakers; her name is Mariti means rainbow]: 111; Tiwi [Maratjis giant iridescent lizards with horns on their heads and a beard on their lower jaw live in water bodies; if anyone comes up, they rumble and gurgle, they they send a stream of water into the sky, it rains; one of them then turns into a rainbow, trying to harm that person or anyone else; they belong to the same Fresh Water totem as the Thunderstorms, Monsoon Rain and Lightning; The rainbow consists of two creatures: a male imunka spirit and a female Maratji]: Mountford 1958:155-156; Murinbat: Robinson 1956:3-4 [Wirreitman girl came out of the water, became hunt; a Nogamin man saw her; she lay face down on the ground to hide her breasts and genitals, pretended to be a man, ran away, climbed a tree; N. followed her; she teases him from a tree, he can't get in; falls asleep; she runs away to her sisters; N. sees the girls, they throw themselves into the water, their father, the Rainbow Serpent Kunmanngur, shows up; N. turns into a Lotus-bird bird], 5-9 [Kunmanngur sends two their parrot daughters look for a suitable husband; they meet Tjineemin; they have to spend the night with him, he copulates with them; they run away; they lure them into a channel that fills up at high tide with water, he swims out; they pull the rope up the mountain, cut off the rope, T. breaks, the sisters return to his father; T. recovers himself, with a large company of Ravens and other bird people comes to K.; At night, he pierces him, his wife and daughters with a spear, runs away; K. walks bleeding, sinks into the water, turns into a Rainbow Serpent; bird people fly away, turning into birds; sisters (it is not said that they are injured) and their mother turn into birds, since then they have been flying to where the steppe fire took place, picking up lizards, etc.], 35-37 [Ngalmin saw water girls (daughters of the Rainbow Serpent) on the shore; wounded one with a spear in thigh, dragged it away, gave honey; he asked for water, he sent her to get water, she returned to the river; he came, grabbed it again, she bit, then the Rainbow Serpent appeared, N. ran away; next time the Rainbow Serpent drowned him]; the Penfater River [Rainbow is a colored serpent rising to stop the rain caused by enemies]: Waterman 1987, No. 350 (1): 36; the Forest River [the rainbow serpent created all rivers causes tides and floods]: Kaberry 1935:435; oenpelli: Waterman 1987, No. 350 (2) [the rainbow is a female snake (not a male, which is unusual), lives in sea cliffs, gets up if disturbed; it has big ears and a beard], 350 (3) [a rainbow is a snake that rises to the sky from a pond during the rainy season; it has a mustache, long teeth; it sends small snakes that penetrate children's navel, causing death; his he created rivers with movements], 4720 [a man approaches two sisters, with snakes protruding from all the holes in his body; the sisters' dog attacks him, throws snakes; further adventures: sisters consistently meet three men asking the elder's permission to get together with the youngest, who are refused; sisters become invisible, hide in the trunk of a fallen tree; lure the applicant into a hole, he becomes the Rainbow Serpent; another challenger is killed and eaten by the spirit; the sisters marry the younger brother of the third contender, who kills spirits with lightning]: 36, 127; nyol-nyol [the rainbow serpent lies on his wife ( lower part of the rainbow) face up; his name is “double serpent”]: Waterman 1987, No. 355:36; cockatoo [rainbow is the spit of a big snake that stops the rain; when disappearing, the rainbow returns back to the snake]: Waterman 1987, No. 360:36; anula [the snake (the husband of a rainbird) lives in a pond, spits a rainbow, rain clouds into the sky]: Waterman 1987, No. 2295 (2): 77; Cape York [the rainbow is a reflection of the vast one living far away in the sea, the fish lying belly up]: Waterman 1987, No. 380:36; bunya bunya [the rainbow is a big snake; the two boys who remained in the parking lot were told not to go to the seashore, they went, the rainbow zm crawled out out of the water, grabbed them, turned them into two rocks]: Howitt 1904:431; murngin [two men found, baked and ate Buroolo's snake eggs; the snake rose to the sky, turned into a black cloud, it grew, covered everything sky; lightning (snake tongue) hit people's measles huts]: Waterman 1987, No. 2235 (1): 75; bud, numanbor [people found and baked Rainbow Serpent eggs, causing a flood; the sorcerer turned people into ducks]: Waterman 1987, No. 2235 (2): 75; jaminjung (Fitzmaurice River) [Flying Fox's two wives cheat on him with the Rainbow; although he is their classification son, he has a subincision, but the Fox does not; wives tell her husband that the past subinjection produces a pleasant sound during copulation; after making sure that the husband is busy cutting the killed kangaroo, the wives climb the rock to the Rainbow; the husband sees them, they throw him a rope, he gets up, they cut them off hers; he comes to life and collects himself from pieces, kills the Rainbow with a spear; the Rainbow rushes into the river, turns into the Rainbow Serpent, the owner of all fish; and the Flying Fox has subincided itself, the wives are happy with it]: Berndt, Berndt 1964:226; Viragery (New South Wales) [a shaman dives into the pond where the rainbow serpent Wavi lives, learns corrosion songs from him; a black stripe on the Milky Way near the South The cross is one of V.'s ancestors; he encourages snakes to bite people]: Radcliffe-Brown 1926:21; New South Wales (anevan, Virageri, Voyganbon, Valwan, Kamilaroi, yualarai, quiambal, kogai) [the rainbow snake lives in deep lakes and pools; will eat a person if he is not a shaman; the shaman gets its power from it; the cult of the rainbow snake (wawi, karia) — Bora initiation ritual element]: Radcliff-Brown 1930:342-343; warramunga [the rainbow comes out of a water snake's anus; or it is placed in the sky by a huge mythical snake]: Spencer, Gillin 1904:631; yualaray (b. Narran) [data from Mrs. Parker; raria (“crocodile”, but rather a rainbow snake) is a dark winding stripe on the Milky Way; these same “crocodiles” swallowed Baiame's wives, but he brought them back and revived them]: Radcliff-Brown 1930:344; Kimberley County, NW Australia [the rainbow serpent lives in deep pools or creates them himself; gives strength to shamans; associated with quartz shards, the embodiment of shamans' power; same group Lunga and Djara in Creek County]: Elkin 1930:349; ungarinin [rainbow-wonjina (also ungood), associated with a large edible water snake; brings children's souls from the sky in the rain, they fall into a pond, where the father of the unborn child finds them in a trance]: Elkin 1930:350-351; warlpiri [all people came together, two pack snakes fight, one of them was a huge rainbow snake]: Rockman Napaljarri, Cataldi 1994:141.

Melanesia. Majprat (Western Prat) [during the day the snake is reflected in the form of a rainbow, at night it is the Milky Way, it also holds the earth with the water surrounding the earth]: Elmberg 1968:207; loaf [for designation rainbow word anol, which means “snake"]: Enk, de Vries 1997:40; dougum tribute [rainbow is a snake reflection]: Heider 1970:215; baruya [people saw a giant python in the garden, killed, cooked with taro and vegetables, ate the tarot in the evening, and left the meat for tomorrow; the woman who got up first found that the meat had disappeared from her bag; the others had the same; the snake was found whole in the oven; his They consistently ask what he wants — shells and jewelry; tarot; salt; snakes do not move; woman? the serpent straightened up and looked up at the sky; a decorated woman was brought to him; he gave her a sign to go first, but she invited him to go first; hid a white-hot stone in her bag; and went up to heaven, they found themselves in front of a big house; the woman again invited the snake to enter the house first; pressed down the door with a stone and began to descend the column of smoke she had previously climbed; halfway through she turned into Venus (evening and morning); the serpent turned around in the house and hit a stone with its nose; burned and screamed is thunder; the snake's actions also explain the rain and the appearance of the rainbow]: Godelier 2007:154-155; upper arapesh [A rainbow in the form of a vine leaf stuck between the woman's legs, turned into a viper, crawled into her vagina, then into her head, its fangs can be seen from her nostrils; he was expelled, the woman died, and the epidemic began]: Fortune in Mead 1940, No. LIII: 380 (same text in Fortune 1942, No. 53:235, but Fortune has coastal arapeche); kiaka [rainbow is snake]: Bulmer 1965:153; bukavak [rainbow is blood of the dead; or there where it comes from, there is human bile and splashes into the sky; or at one end the rainbow rests on a butterfly or a huge snake with iridescent skin]: Lehner 1931b: 110; keraki [the secret name of the rainbow is chel (“boa constrictor”); rainbow 1) huge sky serpent, 2) skin shed by a snake, 3) saliva spit out by a snake]: Williams 1969:311; coolie (Western Highlands) [giant snakes live in the Jimmi River area; male red, female yellow, son green, daughter blue; when it rains, the whole family goes out to see people; people dig a hole on the edge of the garden, it is filled with water and these snakes sleep there]: Aufenanger 1968:148; the middle reaches of Ramu and the upper reaches of Keram [rainbow — the highlights of a giant snake descending from the clouds after the rain; the same views on the coast where the Mah snake is considered the ancestor of humans near Mahbak; she was brought to Karkar Island at a young age; when she got married, she ran away with her husband, her snake mother-in-law in the guise of a woman pursued them unsuccessfully, she stayed in Mahbak]: Kaspruś 1973: 146; cotton wool (Melanesians west of Huon Gulf) [rainbow means “snake urine”; in Kumots, “eyes of the Sun”]: Fischer 1963:99; San Cristobal [two men saw a rainbow coming out of the river and leaving The other end into the forest; a child came up to them, led them to the end of the rainbow, where the eel woman, the child's mother, lived; took men as husbands; gave birth to a girl, told her husbands not to take her to the village for the feast, they took it, the people took the girl away; the eel went there, killed everyone, took the girl and her husbands; members of the Eel family bred from them, then the genus died out]: Fox 1924:269-270; Fiji: Johnston 1921:64 in Loewenstein 1961 [the rainbow comes from the snake Ratumaibulu (the deity of the Sun and Fertility)]: 39; Waterhouse 1866 [the appearance of the rainbow on earth is due to the snake and at sea to the shark]: 368, 376.

Tibet is the Northeast of India. Bugun [Apuphulma's wife complained on the riverbank that he was old, married by a water spirit; A. married a girl with one ear, one eye, no nose, no chin; she gave birth to strange children whom the couple threw away; when thrown away, everyone said who he was and what he would do; 1) a stone (they would build on it, it also has rivers, they will have fish); 2) Thunder (will fight with a sky snake that delays the rain; lightning is its burning smut); 3) Earthquake; 4) Rain (will send rain from the sky): 5) Wind; 6) The rainbow (this is a serpent, it will live in rivers, will appear in the sky in drought call rain); 7) poisonous snake (mother bit, A. revived her, the snake began to live in the forest in a hole); 8) Diseases (parents fell ill, the hornet cured them); 9) Death (parents died, son went to other people, everyone brought death); some kids were good, others were bad because their mother was good at one half, bad at the other]: Elwin 1958a, No. 4:10-13; Taraon (Digaru) Mishmi: Elwin 1958a, No. 20 [when the rainbow snake Ka is in the water, the rainbow is big, beautiful, and when it is barely visible on the ground], 21 [the rainbow comes from the head of a huge water snake; if it cannot eat a person, it climbs into heaven to ask God give her food; the rainbow is her path]: 82 (=1958b: 89).

Burma — Indochina. Shana: Milne 1910:206-207 [rainbow is a snake or crocodile going down to the ground for a drink; if there is a second rainbow, it is the wife first], 266-267 [the predictor promised dry weather and watered the terrible weather rain; the king is angry; the fortuneteller promises to kill the crocodile that sent rain; he comes to the king, asks him to be saved; but the spirit of the fortuneteller came out of his body, killed the crocodile; the crocodile spirit accuses the king before the lords of the afterlife, they believe that the bloodstream is right; Sakya does not want to condemn the king and, in order to propitiate the bloodstream, turns him into a rainbow; the crocodile rainbow descends to the ground to drink water, sometimes with him, his wife is the second rainbow]; sre [one of the snakes is associated with a rainbow that “connects to the sky” (the meaning of this expression is not clear)]: Dournes 1977:128.

South Asia. Ancient India [Varahamihira: 1) snakes live in anthills; 2) “some Masters say” that the rainbow is evaporation (exhalations) rising from snakes from the Ananta family; Kalidasa (Meghadūta, stanza 15) writes about “Indra's bow)”, which rises from an anthill; Vallabhadeva: “divine bow” rises from an anthill “fraught with snakes” in the rainy season; the rainbow is the glitter of jewelry on Nāga Vāsuki's head, entering the sky from the lower world through a crevice in an anthill]: Vogel 1926:29; Uttar Pradesh and all of northern India [rainbow is the breath (the fume) of a huge underground snake ]: Crooke 1894:276 (=1896:144); Uttar Pradesh, Saharanpur District (the most northwestern) [rainbow — snake hole vapors]: Crooke 1895, No. 281:107; gondas (Betul District, Mandla County) [rainbow —” variegated bow”, appears from a snake hole; two of these bows fire simultaneously, joining in the sky and forming an arc; {Dravidian word, so not a crust, but gondas}]: Elwin 1949:102; himachali- ploughmen: Mazurova et al. 2014 (reported by A.S. Krylova, 29.07.2016) [the rainbow is an old snake that drinks water in one place and releases it in another]; A.S. Krylova, E.A. Renkovskaya (field materials, October 2016) [ suramghor.i is a “beautiful mare” (drinks water from the river, then it rains); an old snake does the same for the informant's husband]; mundari: Bhaduri 1994 [Lur bing is a poisonous snake, producing a rainbow with his breath]: 109; Hahn 1906 [at munda {dari}, God created the Lurbing snake, that is, the rainbow, to stop the rain of fire]: 84; ho, mundari [Lurbeng is a water snake, which is associated with a rainbow]: Dalton 1872 in Frazer 1919:196; birkhor [a rainbow is water that a snake splashes out of its mouth]: Roy 1925:497-498; muria [rainbow is a Bhumtaras snake rising from an anthill to stop the rain]: Elwin 1949:103; maria [rainbow is an earth-serpent crawling out of an anthill to show that the rain has stopped]: Elwin 1949:103; baiga [rainbow rises from a small pumpkin lying at the base of an anthill; looks for another anthill, descends into it; if you find such a pumpkin and give it to a barren woman, she will become pregnant]: Elwin 1939:336; 1949:103; pardhan [the world supports the Basuk cobra; when we raise our heads, we see a rainbow]: Elwin 1949:103; birkhor [rainbow is the water that the bandelele snake spits out]: Roy, 497 on Elwin 1949:103; count: Elwin 1949 [ rainbow — snake Lurbeng]: 103; Jellinghaus 1871 [Singbonga first created a child; a horse came and trampled on the figure; then S. created a dog to drive away the horse; also created a girl {except for a young man}; S. called for everyone alive, but everyone stayed, and the tiger came first, so it was so powerful; people became vicious, only danced and drank; then S. sent a flood of water and fire; brother and sister escaped inside the tree; c Since then, the wood of this tree is black, as if charred; all people come from this couple; they chose different occupations, so castes appeared; in order not to cause the flood again, S. created the Lurbing snake (Lur — the name of a rare snake species, bing is “snake” in Mundari); it exhales its soul from the clouds and is a rainbow, then the rain ends; Lurbing is the ubiquitous name for the rainbow in Munda languages; Urauh Kohls brother and sister escaped the flood in the crab hole]: 332-333; Oraons [the ends of the rainbow resting on the ground collect scorpions]: Elwin 1949:103.

Malaysia—Indonesia. Semangs: Endicott 1979:175 (batek) [rainbow is the reflection of the naga turtle snake on which the earth rests], 186-187 [all bateks and most of all negrito have a rainbow — the shadow or reflection of naga]; Evans 1937 [(Kintak Bong, Menig Kaien); rainbow — two Huyak snakes crawling to drink water; (Kintak Bong; by Stevens); the visible part of the world's great serpent is a rainbow; (Kensieu; by Skeat); rainbow is a snake]: 167; semangs [the rainbow is a snake; her body stretches to the lower world, from where it draws water to the ground; light rain in the rainbow is its sweat]: Skeat, Blagden 1906:203-204; semangs (Jehai) [underground serpent in in the form of a rainbow, he crawls out into the sky to swim; when it shakes off, it rains in the sun, it's dangerous to fall under it]: Schebesta 1931:107; semangs [rainbow—snake draws water to the ground from the lower world; light rain under the rainbow is its sweat]: Schebesta 1952:32 in Loewenstein 196:31-32; senoi (semai) [rainbow associated with naga horned underground snakes]: Dentan 1968:21; senoi (sakai) [ a rainbow comes out of the mouth of a giant snake, passing under the rainbow will fall ill]: Loewenstein 196:31; hayloe (Behrang) [rainbow is the shadow of a snake living in the ground; red is its body, green is bile, yellow is belly]: Loewenstein 196:31; haybirds [when the besisi started their journey from the edge of the sky to the east, where a giant cuts off the cloud roots to prevent them from sprouting into the ground, there were seven suns in the sky, seven moons, seven stars and seven rainbows — seven snake souls Naga-Melaikat]: Skeat, Blagden 1906:317; Malays: Skeat, Blagden 1900 [in Perak, the rainbow is the path of spirits descending to earth to drink; in Penang — “danu snake"]: 14-15; Winstedt 1951 [Rahu, who swallows the sun and moon, is considered a dragon; Danu is a rainbow snake]: 35; dayaki [the gleam of sea snakes playing in the evenings is a rainbow and bright sky at sunset]: Pleyte 1894:97-98; Javanese: Hooykaas 1956 [a rainbow is a snake with deer or cow heads at both ends; stretching out in an arch over Java, it drinks water from the Java Sea with one head, and the other is from the Indian Ocean]: 305 in Blust 2000:525 (=Loewenstein 196:32); Pleyte 1894 [rainbow — snake drinks water from the sea and pours it onto the ground]: 98; Bali [rainbow — snake with deer heads on both at the ends, each with three diverging horns]: Loewenstein 196:32; Flores: Bader 1971:950-951 [a rainbow is a snake with heads at both ends; either two snakes, green and red; or a horse with a snake's head or a serpent turning into a horse; colorful snakes form a rainbow bridge through which souls rise into the world of the dead], 952 [if a person goes west and sees a rainbow, he must return or he will be bitten snake], 953 [who goes where the rainbow comes out of the ground will be swallowed by a snake; a pregnant woman should not leave the house if the rainbow, because a miscarriage may occur, the rainbow snake will eat the baby; but if the child has women from her connection with a snake, the rainbow will not hurt him]; kedang: Barnes 1973 [rainbow is associated with gold, springs, snakes; at a spring on a mountain, a woman should not wash her hair or wet her hair clothes, otherwise the spirit will deprive her of her mind; the spirit appears as a snake or rainbow; if this serpent spirit opens its mouth, the gold within it comes out in the form of a rainbow; if you point your finger at the rainbow, the finger will twist; also you can't point your finger at the Big Dipper (which is visible in the shape of a boat) and at a small, unripe pumpkin - this will kill her]: 611-612; 1974:62 in Endicott 1979 [rainbow — ular naga snake; during the rainy season comes out of a hole at the top of the mountain; this causes sudden devastating floods and landslides]: 187; fataluku (Timor) [rainbow is 1) the shadow of the shila animal (a type of rela {crocodile?} ; when it rains, this animal breaks out of the beak of the stork that grabs it; 2) the rainbow comes out of the snake's mouth when it opens its mouth in the rain]: Azevedo Gomes 1972:65.

Taiwan — Philippines. Manobo [at one end of the rainbow is the head of a huge turtle; the appearance of the rainbow is a sign that the gods of war are looking for blood, that bloodshed is happening]: Eugenio 1994, No. 149:263; mangian [rainbow — a snake or eel climbing from the river into the sky; rain in the rainbow is dangerous to health]: Loewenstein 196:32; Negrito Luzon [when it rains in the sun, a huge one rises from the ground multicolor snake]: Garvan 1963:208.

China — Korea. Ancient Chinese: Riftin 1980 [rainbow is a dragon with heads at both ends; there was a division into rainbow-hung - male dragon (predominantly light-colored) and rainbow-ni - female dragon (with the predominance of dark tones)]: 654; Yanshina 1984 [there are several hieroglyphs to refer to “rainbow” in ancient and modern languages; almost all of them have a determinative grapheme of “serpent” (“reptile” “worm”)]: 61; Yanshina 1977:101 [(East Overseas Catalog); Rainbows live north of the kingdom of Noble Men; each has two heads], 190-191 [in the inscriptions on Yin divination bones sign identified with a rainbow, was an image of a double-headed serpent]; Hentze 1966 [relief from 150 AD from the crypt Wu-liang-tzu (Shandong) depicting a blowing wind god hitting a drum, and a two-headed snake in the form of an arch; each head has a horn or crest on the back of its head]: 258-259, Abb.1; Southern Chinese (conventionally Guangdong) [the “heavenly serpent” causes the genus leprosy (De Groot); obviously a rainbow interpreted as a two-headed serpent (E. Chavannes); the hieroglyph “rainbow” is spelled with the determinative “snake”]: Eberhard 1968:385; Chinese (Lanzhou in Gansu) [rainbow is a huge dragon drinking water from the sea and spreading it in the form of rain]: Blust 2000:525; Miao (Tonkin) [by Savina; after the creation of heaven and man, people have lived on earth for 9,000 years; two brothers notice that during the night all traces of their field the works disappear; they find an old man covering the plowed furrows; the eldest wants to kill him, the youngest asks; this is the Master of Heaven, warns of the flood, tells his older brother to make an iron boat, the youngest is wooden, take his sister, a couple of animals, seeds with him; it rains for seven months, the older brother's boat sinks, the younger one floats up to the sky; the Master of Heaven sends the Rainbow Dragon to dry the earth; the sister at first refuses to meet her brother, but after a series of tests proving that this is the will of the higher powers, she agrees; gives birth to something like an egg; it is opened, cut into pieces, every piece turns into a child, these kids populate the land]: Geddes 1976:22-23; meo (Vietnam): Nikulin 1990:11-13 [two brothers caught an old man trampling on their field; it was god Ti Lau, warned of the flood, told his older brother to sit with his wife in an iron one, the younger brother and his older sister to sit in a wooden drum, take cereal seeds; the iron drowned, the younger brother and wife climbed on the waters on sky; Ti Lau told the dragon to drink excess water; he became a rainbow for this purpose; the drum fell to the ground; the young man almost got stuck in wet clay; the kite picked up the drum and brother and sister, wore it until the ground was not dry; brother and sister cut off three pieces of meat from the body to reward the kite; since then people have the back of their heads, armpits and ankles; brother insisted on marriage; he and sister threw two into the air whetstone, they rolled down the mountain, lay down side by side; two needles fell side by side; two coins in one place; the sister agreed to the marriage; gave birth to an egg, they broke it, pieces of the shell turned into children], 63-72 [shaman tells the old man to go begging; in one house an old woman gives him a chisel, a hammer, tells him to rescue three young men from the cliff; he breaks holes in the rocks, goes with the young men to look for the Happy Land; on the way a mountain of chicken manure (one young man turns into a beast, scattered it), two giants cutting off heads and letting the decapitated (the second young man makes himself and his companions invisible, sends forward a decapitated grasshopper, whom the giants take for a decapitated person and skip), a frying pan with boiling fat (the third becomes tall, steps over the pan, carrying the rest); in Parents are preparing to give their son's snake to the village; three young men take knives, swallow them instead of a boy, cut the snake from the inside, refuse to get out of their mouth, ass, come out of their neck, sides, back, chained a snake; they go to their native country; the serpent escapes, the young men let themselves be swallowed again, slaughtered the snake, enclosed in a cave; when it catches the sun's ray, a rainbow appears — a reflection of its skin].

The Balkans. Ancient Greece [Homer (Hom, Il 11:26-28) associates the rainbow with the snake/dragon that Zeus placed in the clouds]: Izdimirski 2020:99; Bosnians [rainbow — Avajaya serpent drinking water by pumping it into clouds]: Gura 1997:289-290 (=Belova 2009b: 387; briefly in Maclagan 1897:239); Bosnians [rainbow is a dragon (“azhdaja”) drinking water from the sea, which later turns into rain (p. Zabrdje); the Bosnian belief is also known that the rainbow is a snake that sucks water: it was “seen” by the Bosnians on the river. Sava, and then they found fluttering fish on the shore]: Tolstoy 1997:206; Serbs [rainbow-dragon (ajdaja) drinks water, after which it rains]: Janković 1951:41; Albanians [Rainbow is a snake]: Afanasiev 1994 (1): 358; Romanians: Golant 2008 [Serpent, Dragon, Invisible Creature, Bad Weather Demon: zme u (plural) zme i); once came across statements: “The storm is caused by snakes” (Furtu 'na e ste provoca't ă de zme i), “The Rainbow is a Serpent” (Curcube u e zme u) (Malaya)]: 314; Niculiţă-Voronca 2008 (Bukovina) [rainbow is the road of snakes ( balaurs, b ălauri), they go along the rainbow to the water]: 212; Pamfile 2001 (Bukovina) [a rainbow is the road that balaurs (snakes) [b ălauri] walk when they carry water to the sky, for rain]: 180; Macedonians? Hungarians?.

Central Europe. Ukrainians, Belarusians, Russians (Novgorod) [the rainbow is a snake drinking water, pumping it into the clouds]: Gura 1997:289-290; Russians (Tulskaya, Odoevsky y.) [rainbow — snake]: Belova, Kabakova 2014, No. 119:363; Ukrainians [cmok 'rainbow' recorded in the Rivne region (d. Privotovka) and to Volynsk. oblast (d. Police), and a smick 'rainbow' in the same Volynsk region. (d. Tour, Vydranitsa, Zapole, Bilin) and Rivne region (d. Borova); in the points of Pershi Ugly and Tsir (Volynsk region) smok 'snake, a dragon that sucks (“smokche”) water'; in Ukrainian Polesie they say Smok water pye (Kabaida, 1966, p. 92); cf. Russian. smok 'snake (in fairy tales) ', Belarusians, smok, cmok' dragon ', Bulgarian. smok 'uh, medyanitsa', etc.]: Tolstoy 1997:190-191; Belarusians [smok 'rainbow' was noted in the Vitebsk region (d. Zagatye, Postavsk district), Hrodna region (d. Devyatni, Smorgonsk district), Minsk region (d. Zasvir, Medelsk district), eastern Mogilev region (d. Ushaki, Chernikovsk. district)]: Tolstoy 1997:190; Russians (Novgorod Gubernia) [“F.F. Poltoratsky in his handwritten work “People's Signs, Superstitions and Prejudices, Conspiracies and Divination from Novgorod Province” (1878) writes that “the rainbow is called a snake: it, having lowered its sting his own into the water, collects water, and then releases it, which is why it rains; at the ends of the rainbow he hangs a pot with ancient gold coins” (Zelenin, 1915, vol. II, p. 869)”]: Tolstoy 1997:191 (=Belova 2009b: 387); Ukrainians (Transcarpathia) [rainbow — veleten (giant reptile) who drinks water from wells, streams and rivers, filling clouds with it]: Belova 2009b: 387; Poles : Izdimirski 2020 [Stoilov 1924:39; Georgieva 1993:137, note 42; the rainbow is a snake that drinks water on the ground and transfers it to the clouds from where it rains]: 99; Jankovi1951 [the rainbow is snake drinking water]: 41; Belova 2009b [rainbow — pijawa, pijawka, smok]: 387.

Caucasus — Asia Minor. Abkhazians [a rainbow is a snake drinking water from the river; at this time you can't collect water from springs and show your teeth to the rainbow: they will fall out and turn yellow; curse: “For the rainbow to appear here” (or “hit here”); if you swim in the water from where the rainbow drinks, your body will be stained; if you show your finger to the rainbow, it will dry out or your nails will turn black and fall off; if the boy is not yet sitting on a white horse, shows his teeth to the rainbow, they will turn black; anyone who comes close to the rainbow will get sick and recover if he prays to her]: Zukhba 2007:62.

Baltoscandia. Estonians [rainbow — snake drinking water with a bull's head]: Holzmayer 1873:50 in Holmberg 1927:444; Finns [rainbow-snake]: Aspelin in Bittremieux 1935:243-244; Lithuanians [rainbow-snake]: Afanasiev 1994 (1): 358.

Iran — Central Asia. Persians [in Persia, the rainbow is a “celestial serpent”]: Crooke 1894:276 (=1896:144, without reference; =Elwin 1949:102 referring to Man in India, iii: 97); Kalashi [Nho- living in The source is a monster, the rainbow is his breath]: Morgenstierne 1951:165.

Southern Siberia - Mongolia. Buryats (hori) [one lama learned that after death he would become an ogre snake, which would lead him to hell; told his disciple to kill the first people-eating snake that appeared after his death; the llama died, the snake appeared, the student cut it with a sword; a five-color rainbow rose from it, and the lama became a burkhan]: Rudnev 1913-1914:73 in Nevsky 1934:372.

Japan. Miyako Islands [the rainbow is called timbav by ting = sky and pav = snake; it can descend to earth and harm people]: Nevsky 1934:370-371; various parts of Japan [words etymologized as a “snake” for the “rainbow”]: Nevsky 1934:373-376 [poet's tank of the 12th century. Saigë: As if a humpback bridge had been built again, wofusa hung over the mountain; perhaps a scribe's mistake: naφusa — Elaphis virgatus snake]; Nihon shoki 1997, vol. XIV ["Suddenly, a rainbow resembling a big snake, 4-5 tuves long, envied in the upper reaches of the river. They started digging where the rainbow began and found a sacred mirror "]: 349.

NW Coast. Quakiutl [Siciutl with heads on both ends of her body brings rainbows, salmon, copper (i.e. wealth)]: Goldman 1975:242-243 in Carlson 1982:144; poppies [rainbow is an evil creature, some kind of evil creature related to Thunder; jaws at both ends of the body are enough for anyone who gets caught; see motive I1]: James G. Swan 1869-1870 in Clark 1953:161.

The Midwest. Swamp Cree [at his son's grave, a person sees a rainbow first, then a horned serpent; he grabs his horns, he turns into an old man, teaches him rituals]: Simms 1906:335; northern solto [like swamp crees; The serpent teaches rituals; the Rattlesnake and the Horned Serpent bite the two sons of two chiefs; the one bitten by the Horned Serpent dies (first death)]: Skinner 1911:157-159.

Plains. Shayens [tipi painting; two water monsters with sharp straight horns and short legs; two rainbows emerge from their backs; a turtle silhouette above]: Ewers 1981:42, fig.9.

Southeast USA. Chirokee [the rainbow is the tongue of a water-drinking sky snake]: Hagar 1906:366; screams [the rainbow is a big snake, it “cuts off the rain”]: Swanton 1928a: 480; yuchi [rainbow is a snake]: Speck 1909a: 110.

Big Pool. Shoshones (Western?) [a snake, which is associated with a rainbow, rubs on the ground from friction; in winter, snow melts and rains in summer]: Powell 1881:26-27 (retelling in Lowie 1909b: 230-231; in Wherry 1989:102-105).

The Great Southwest. Zunyi: Hodge 1993 [At the beginning of the Zunyi era, they began to look for a center of the world where they could live warmly and without earthquakes; scouts were sent in different directions; K'yaklu, the son of a priest named K'ya-kwi-mo-si, was sent north; so cold and tired that he was blind; heard the scream of waterfowl, understood their language; the Duck told him to tie shells to it to ring, follow her south by the Wild Geese and Cranes ; they reached the border of the snowy country, then to the big water; the Rainbow Worm, having received beautiful plume-sticks from K., stretched out as a bridge over the water under the clouds, lowered K. to the Holy Lake; Duck She flew there herself; she dived, told the priests about K., the Ducks brought him to the deep lake on their wings; he went down the stairs under the water; there the Little God of Fire lit the torch, K. regained his sight; god-priests from six sides (six regions) told him about the past and future; dancing, taught him what he should tell people; K. was brought back to earth, he came to people accompanied by sacred clowns; The duck was sitting on his arm when he told the Privy Council stories about his creation and his adventures]: 24-28; Cushing 1896 [(about the same, but in great detail)]: 406-414.

NW Mexico. Yaki [some sources are home to snakes with rainbows on their foreheads]: Spicer 1980:64; tarahumara [water monsters and rainbows are snakes, although they can be both snake and snake anthropomorphic appearance]: Merrill 2002:344.

Mesoamerica Mountain Totonaki [the rainbow is a water snake; consists of two - large (male) and skinny (female); dangerous for those approaching the water, especially for children]: Ichon 1969:137; sierra popoluca [rainbow is a trail] a huge snake crawling towards another snake, or a snake's breath; portends rain; if it doesn't need rain, you can chop it seven times with your hand, the rainbow will disappear, but your hand will hurt all day]: Foster 1945a: 187; mixers [a rainbow is a snake; if a pregnant woman looks at it, her baby dies; if she points her finger at the rainbow, her finger will rot; if she goes to the rainbow, she will move away, for the rainbow is a water snake]: Dyk 1959: 170-171; zapotecs {? or mixheki} [at the top of the mountain lived the old Koshihoki Fire Thunder; he had four closed jugs of clouds, rain, hail, wind; each was watched by a smaller Chintete Thunder ( little lizard); to try his power, K. told Chintete Kosihosaa to open his jug; clouds rose to him, chintete dances among them, making lightning; the same episode with Kosihonis and two other (unnamed) chintetes who open the corresponding vessels and produce lightning; when Gobich's sun appears, Koshihoki orders his chintetes to close their vessels and stretch out a rainbow in honor of the Sun — a snake covered with Quetzal feathers drinking rain]: Cruz 1946:33-35 (English in Flannery, Marcus 1983:347); chinantecs [a huge snake lives in the spring; when it wants moving to another one turns into a rainbow; whoever looks at it will get rheumatism and granos en cuerpo y las piernas]: Weitlaner, Castro Guevara 1954:109; masateki [rainbow - yaa, same word for snakes; lives in a pond inside a cave; duck, turkey, chickens; like a pipe, a rainbow pumps water into the sea]: Incháustegui 1977:41-42; tricks: Hollenbach 1980, № 10.7 [rainbow — snake kuluu; harmful, lives in swamps], 10.8 [the kuluu snake lives in deep water bodies; beneficial to humans because it clears the sky from clouds]: 471; tsotsil (Chenalho) [a malicious rainbow rises from the depths of a hole or well with a serpentine monster at the bottom; the snake is the satellite of the rainbow; both striped, under each rainbow there is a snake]: Guiteras-Holmes 196:203, 235, 288; chorti [Chiccan snakes half covered with feathers, half anthropomorphic; sometimes they have four horns on their heads; they are responsible for most atmospheric phenomena; each side of the world at the bottom of the lake has its own C. (or a pair of both); the northern one in early May (while the sun is at its zenith) brings rain; the rainbow is C.'s body stretching across the sky; C. in their aspect of the rainbow prevents rain]: Fought 192:388; Milbrath 1999:36, 42; Wisdom 1940:393-397, 410-411; tsutuhil [the long turban headband in older women is seen as a “rainbow snake"]: Van Akkeren 2000:241; mom [the rainbow is a huge snake, splashing water with a colorful arch]: Blust 2000:525; kakchikel [children are not told to point their fingers at the rainbow, otherwise the hand will become crooked; nor should you walk between ravines, because the rainbow appears from there; a big snake in the cave produces a rainbow yawning as it opens its mouth; if you're near, you can disappear, the rainbow will swallow you (jalará)]: Petrich 1997:126.

Honduras vs Panama. Pech [when swimming across the river, a man is swallowed by a rainbow snake; waits a long time for it to swim to the island into the sea; cuts his belly with a knife; comes out bald; returns home in a crocodile]: Flores 1989:36-44; frame [the rainbow is called Sirkin Nunkit (Huge Serpent's Throat)]: Conzemius 1927:326.

The Northern Andes. Ambera: Turbay Ceballos 1998:10 (hay) [rainbows emerge from rotten trunks or anthills; some say it's a snake; rainbows drink water from streams and wells; one woman says rainbows seven heads], 13-14 (chami) [rainbow is a seven-headed serpent; lives on a mountain, descended to the river, causing a landslide; drinks water at both ends; swallows people; they come out from the other end, changing sex], 14 (katio) [rainbow is a snake, eats crabs, drinks children's blood]; Cordillera de Merida, Venezuela [when the arco and arch converge, a rainbow appears; the arco lives on the mountain, the arch lives in the river, has a shape old women or snakes]: Turbay Ceballos 1998:15; mestizos of northern Venezuela, Yaracuy State [rainbow is a flying double-headed snake drinking water from rivers; makes women fit for springs pregnant]: Valcarcel 1958 : 575 (G. Antolinez data); bari [taibabioyi water spirits, like others, arose from the ashes of a burnt cannibal (see motive H28); sometimes they grab people in pools, take them to live with them; to punish for this water spirits, the spirits of the dead basunchimba let a rainbow snake into the river that devours them; when water spirits are cooked, it's like fog over the river, it's a source of clouds]: Villamañan 1975:13-14; paes [ Thunder's daughter comes out of the spring; older spouses adopt her; they don't take her to church because she doesn't have the right dress; she returns to the spring, turns into a snake, grows as big as a rainbow; wraps around the church, devours everyone but foster parents; goes up to heaven to eat the Virgin Mary; two eagles peck and kill her]: Bernal Villa 1953, No. 7:298-299 (= Nachtigall 1955, No. 20:310-311).

Llanos. Kuiva [a rainbow water monster swallows a person; live caimans crawl inside; a person who has taken yopo cuts his belly with a knife, comes out as a frog]: Wilbert, Simoneau 1991b, No. 131:197.

Southern Venezuela. Panara [amana is a malicious snake, both coral and anaconda; the rainbow is its breath (amanat -achi); the bright colors on the snake's skin fly out on its sides with fire, forming rainbow]: Mattei Muller 1994:9; makiritare: Civrieux 1980:51 [Sister of the Month turns into a huge snake, mistress of the waters], 180-181 [her name uiio means feathered serpent; she has a rainbow of feathers on her, she lives under waterfalls], 143 [The Big Snake flew to heaven, leaving its rainbow sign]; Wilbert 1981 [building the first communal round house, Attavanadi put a pole in the center of the earth; this world axis connects the earth to the sky and goes deep into the lower world, inhabited by spirits and giant snakes led by a feathered rainbow of colorful feathers]: 47; Yanomami (Wawanauetéri, Pukimapuet & #233; ri) [rainbow — boa constrictor, jiboia (Constrictor constructor)]: Polykrates 1967:285.

Guiana. Akawai [humans and birds are fighting against a rainbow-skinned water snake; a cormorant (Plotus anhinga) ties a rope to an arrow, pierces the snake's neck; a snake pulls ashore; each bird takes a piece skin, carrying it on its back and taking on color; the cormorant is dim because it got a snake's head]: Brett in Im Thurn 1966:382, in Roth 1915, No. 162:225-226; taulipan [Keeme is a Rainbow; this is a man but wearing his colorful skin, becomes a water snake; lives under waterfalls; waterfowl are his grandchildren; animal souls come to him after death]: Koch-Grünberg 1923:174, 176; tamanak (chaima) [The rainbow is there Ekeima oroqui-r: crown of the feathers of the Great Serpent]: Goeje 1943, № b24:46; carinha (Orinoco) [Akodumo is the father of life, the owner of waters and snakes, the souls of dead snakes go to live with him at the bottom of the reservoir; in in an invisible incarnation, they are human in the visible incarnation; A. is also the owner of birds, in the form of a rainbow they rise into the sky to drink water from the clouds; at the sight of a rainbow, mothers hide their children, they may get sick]: Civrieux 1974 : 109; waiwai [father-in-law sends his son-in-law to kill Aguchi; he meets an iridescent anaconda on the other side; kills her, removes her skin, brings her to the community home; the skin emits thunder and lightning; people reproduce patterns on it to ornament baskets]: Roe 1989:23-25; oyampy [birds peck anaconda, smear blood and other liquids; the spirit of the anaconda becomes a rainbow]: Grenada 1982, No. 19:154-163.

Ecuador. Colorado [a handsome young man visits a girl, she gives birth to a child; comes again, he is given water at a party, he falls asleep; she is found in the arms of a huge snake; other women also fell in love with the Rainbow, they all died]: Aguavil, Aguavil 1985:172-174.

Western Amazon. Canelo: Karsten 1935 [rainbow (heaps) has a huge anaconda; her name is the shadow of an anaconda; women get pregnant from it; rainbow menstruators should not leave home]: 220, 392; Whitten 1985 [Sungui is the owner and mistress of a fish; a man sits on a river turtle; when he gets up, he looks like a rainbow — sinchin amarun (“powerful anaconda”)]: 124; Napo: Foletti Castegnaro 1985, № D1 [rainbows — snakes hunted and fried by the Thunders]: 96-97; Mercier 1979 [rainbow - Fire Anaconda]: 113; murato (shapra) [Tsónki is a large water snake, also a rainbow; drowned people fall to it; she invites them to relax in a hammock — it is made of snakes; causes children to vomit fever and vomit at night; sends rain, floods]: Girard 1958:209-210; shuar [rainbow is an anaconda spirit, makes a woman pregnant]: Karsten 1935:392 (quoted in Parsons 1940b:222); Aguaruna [punk means anaconda but also rainbow]: Guallart 1958:66; huambisa (?) [Etza (the sun) throws Pangi (anaconda) into the water; P. hits his tail, raising splashes of water and forming a rainbow]: Stirling 1938:124-129.

NW Amazon. Bora [rainbow is a snake, boat chief; apparently causes illness]: Wavrin 1932:141; 1937:552; andoque [an anaconda rainbow is associated with energy, fullness and continuation of life, with the rainy season, abundant, especially with fish]: Pineda 1979:50-51; desana [The rainbow was an eel-like fish; after a global fire, it leaned out of the water to see what happened]: Reichel-Dolmatoff 197:79; macuna [jaguars a woman is eaten; baby Ri Hako Makö jumps from her womb into the river, he is caught by the sisters of Umawadö, a rainbow snake; he kills jaguars; W. heals an escaped jaguar, tries to kill R.; 1) sets fire the vegetation cut down on the site, sending R. there, turns into a fish, jumps into the water; 2) orders Thunder's daughter to be brought; W. finds Thunder sleeping, replaces Thunder's club with his own, kills Thunder, with his comes to W. as a daughter.]: Trupp 197:50-56; yagua [rainbow is a heavenly serpent]: Chaumeil 1982:52; chikuna [during a thunderstorm, a woman sees diyo-wayo raise her head and neck above the water, then lower it; when his head touched the water, lightning flashed; this d opened his eyes under the water; this d. owns fish in the Amazon, he has a rainbow in the east; the rainbow in the west is a d who owns pottery]: Nimuendaju 1952:120; kokama: Girard 1958 [Mui Vaso is a huge water serpent, also a rainbow arching its back to the sky; rain is his urine]: 198; Lehmann-Nitsche 1925b [?} : 229-232; piapoco [no details]: Blust 2000:525.

Central Amazon. Omagua: Girard 1958 [Mui Vaso is a huge water snake, also a rainbow, Mother of Waters]: 178; Metraux 1948e [rainbow is a huge dangerous water snake]: 712; mura: Gonçalves 2001 [rainbow — the sucuriju snake, which stretched its body from heaven to the human world to drink water]: 172 (=1990:6); Nimuendaju 1948 [the rainbow is the mouth of a huge snake; the souls of the dead enter it, heading to the afterlife in heaven; to pass, they must pay; the dead are put a coin in their mouths, if not, a fig fruit]: 265; Tastevin 1923, No. 4 [a married woman is ten months pregnant, unable to walk; her two snake sons speak from her wombs, take them to a tree, come out of the womb, crawl on a tree, shed fruit, return to its bosom, carry it back; her husband watches snakes, kills near the tree; they rise to the sky, turn into rainbow; two brothers are blue and red stripes separated by yellow]: 531-532; Lower reaches of Japura (manao?) [the girl has a period; she bathes, leaving her clothes on the shore; a snake crawls into her clothes; the girl is pregnant, gives birth to a son; at night he is a snake, in the daytime he is a man; every evening she returns to her mother's bosom; everything grows; her brother and father ask for help from the forest owners, a man Curupira and a woman Caa-Maña; a snake son climbs a tree, sheds his mother's fruit; she runs; does not want her son to be killed; he rises to the sky, becomes Boyusu's great serpent; it's a rainbow during the day, a spot on the Milky Way at night]: Tastevin 1925:178-183; Rio Negro (manao?) [a woman comes to a married man's house; she spins, she is poorly fed; the owner gives her two mutum eggs to eat, puts her hair in one of them; the woman becomes pregnant, the son talks to her from the womb; crawls out a snake, climbs a tree, sheds fruit for her mother; a woman runs, a man hides her in a vessel; a snake rises to heaven; tells her grandfather that it will appear in early summer when it is necessary to weed vegetable gardens]: Barbosa Rodrigues 1890:242-243.

Central Andes. Huamachuco (dep. La Libertad) [when people see a rainbow, they hide in a cave in fear that it will crawl into their belly; they donate corn and small dogs to it, throwing them into the river]: Mortier, Minnaert s.a.: 11; prov. Jauja (dep. Junin) [the provinces of Jauja and Mantaro are covered with water, inhabited by the dragon Amaru; the rainbow gives birth to a second Amara, they fight, god Tixe destroyed them with lightning; then from the Uari-pukio spring The first couple of people came out, Mama and Taita; before that they were underground for fear of Amaru; Amaru tries to go to heaven but lightning strikes him]: Arguedas, Isquirdo Rios 1947:66; huanca [the country of Huanca was a black lake; the inhabitants of its shores harvested a poor harvest; Viracocha asks the god Tulumaña (Rainbow) to help them; T. produces the snake Amala from his chest, who has bat wings; he defeats water monsters, but requires people to eat more and more; every year he rejuvenates, shedding his skin like a snake; V. asks T. to destroy A.; T. produces a second A. with with darker scales; they fight each other, but both are reborn; V. creates Thunder (Aulitus, Spanish. Rayo) and Wind (Vaiva); A. hide in the depths of the lake; Thunder destroys rocks, Wind drives water out of the lake; A. try to fly to the sky, Wind and Thunder kill them, they turn into rocks; theirs sons sometimes climb clouds, produce hail; Thunder and Wind drive them back]: Villanes Cairo 1978:52-54; Sacramark Village (Dep. Huancavelica) [Amara first rises from the waters; he is the son of the Rainbow (Chirapa), he has deer antlers on his head, bat wings, short and thick legs; he devours people; Wind and Thunder they kill him; after his death, the lake floods the plain; some say that A. rises to the sky in the guise of a tornado; hail is its excrement]: Galindo 1990:225; Quechua Central (?) Peru [The rainbow is a giant snake; it causes disease, bears fruit]: Valcarcel 1958:572-573; Misminai (prov. Urubamba, dep. Cusco): Urton 1981:87-90 [rainbows are Amaru's double-headed snakes; they're thieves, climbing into women through their genitals, causing abdominal pain; there are males and females among them], 93 [immersed in both ends underground springs]; the Incas [in December, during the rainy season, the Inca wrapped a Muruurco rope with a snake's head at the end; this symbolized the dominance of Amaru's rainbow snake, also associated with thunder]: Zuidema 1974-197:228; aymara [the woman did not tell the author to look at the rainbow above the pond (pozo); this is the devil who lives in water bodies associated with snakes and metals; the rainbow is also a bridge from the lower world to heaven]: Albó 1988:344.

Montagna — Jurua. Amuesha [Kanj and her brother Muenares, cannibal anacondas, catch and devour young men and pregnant women in the form of rainbows; the Sun sends Hummingbird and his sister Shotgun; K. raises them as grandchildren; they lie like jaguars are coming; anacondas ask them to be hidden in stone; hummingbirds and sister lock them there; if you point your finger at the rainbow, you will die]: Santos-Granero 1991, No. 7:77-78; (cf. Valadeau et al. 2009 [rainbow perfume causes skin disease; the idea of rainbow disease is widespread in the Amazon; Estrella 1991 (prov. Pichincha, mountainous Ecuador); Laurant 2005 (Northern Andes); Odonne et al. 2009 (chayahuita); Sanz-Biset et al. 2009 (Quechua dap. San Martín, Huallaga)]: 187); ashaninka (river campas) [the rainbow is associated with a catfish demon; its sewage and urine are a reddish film on the water; it causes abdominal pain and diarrhea; or rainbow — smoke from a demon's fire, or his clothes; always something disgusting]: Weiss 1975:490; Ashaninka (Peaches Valley) [a child by Kiatzi, the owner of the water, was born with a rainbow all over his body, and then turned into a snake and disappeared]: Srapyan 2021; kanamari [rainbow is a sky snake that descends to drink water when it rains; through it, fish from the sky reach the ground; during the dry season, the rainbow drinks water, pulling it to the sky and pouring it back into the wet one]: Carvalho 2002:275; shipibo [? ; a rainbow is a snake]: Weiss 1975:489; apurina [? ; the rainbow is a snake]: Lehmann-Nitsche 1925b: 229-232; characterbet [rainbow - scorpion tail raised to the sky]: Calífano 1995:186.

Bolivia — Guaporé. Takana [the sky was close to the ground; the rainbow snake Suse-Nai-Bakua (she has heads at both ends of her body, a jagged back) and Grandma Beba-Zarara separate them; the rainbow snake arches its back, raising the sky]: Hissink, Hahn 1961, No. 31:77; baure [? ; rainbow snake]: Weiss 1975:489; moho [Eder 1772 and Descripción de los Mojos 1754; the rainbow is the wife of the Sun; the Moho are afraid to cut down the tallest trees because the rainbow rests on them; the visible rainbow is her open mouth, with which she swallows people; her huge body stretches into waters and clouds; causes illness; whoever she swallows and regurgitates gains the ability to heal others, but remains ill ]: Barnadas 1985:117-118; (cf. Eseeha [Huekahineno, a huge winged serpent, lives deep in the water; it rises to the sky, causing moon eclipses]: Hissink, Hahn 1988:179); chiriguano: Cipolletti 1978 [rainbow is a snake; causes illness, kidnaps people]: 59-60; Nordenskiöld 1912 (vat) [rainbow is a heavenly serpent]: 294, 296; kumana [rainbow is a heavenly serpent; when people look at it, they are angry and throws stones at them]: Metraux 1948c: 406; tupari: Caspar 1975:195 [these snakes are colorful rainbows], 199 [on their way to the land of dead souls approach the river; two giant snakes form a bridge; souls come first over it, then down the backs of two caimans]; surui [two girls have their first period; one picks up an ant bird egg, it breaks, the contents flow into her vagina; she becomes pregnant; her unborn son- The rainbow tells her to go alone to the fruit tree, comes out of the uterus, collects fruit for her mother, comes back; people spy on her; a young man in love with her cuts a rainbow coming out of her womb; a large part rushes to the sky, the rest goes back to the uterus; the girl gives birth to a boy, he immediately becomes a man; cultivates a huge field, sows previously unknown corn; a monkey steals several grains, people learn about corn; (there is no direct association between the rainbow and the snake, but in a similar myth, parintintin, a woman's child is a snake; see motif F31, Pereira 1980 (2): 589-591)]: Mindlin 1995, No. 1:3-5.

Southern Amazon. There is no direct data for the shinguano, but a comparison of the Vaura and Kalapalo texts shows that the rainbow is interchangeable with the anaconda. Vaura [man's brother is his wife's lover; a man puts two lizard tails with the fish, gives it to his wife, she gives it to his lover; after eating the tails of lizards, the lover turns into an anaconda; mother and other people come see him; he crawls into the river]: Coelho 1988:522-526; kalapalo [a woman and her husband send her younger brother to get honey from the tree; leave; a tree frog saves the young man, gives him magic paint ( Uruku); rubbing it, the sister and husband turn into a rainbow and its reflection]: Basso 1973:95-96; paresis [see motive I40; all relatives have died; his brother's soul in the form of a maned one comes after him wolf; they cross the river on an anaconda bridge, with a black snake as the railing; this bridge is seen in the west in the shape of a rainbow; if you point your finger at it, you will die]: Pereira 1986, No. 21:305-308; bororo [rainbow — water snake]: Steinen 1897:400.

Araguaia. Karazha [rainbow — electric eel]: Ehrenreich 1891:45.

Eastern Brazil. Ramkokamecra [the ends of the rainbow are in the open mouths of two anacondas that produce rain; when the rainbow disappears, it means that two eel-like fish have risen to the sky to hide in the pond; during the next downpour, they will re-enter the earth's water]: Nimuendaju 1946a: 234-236.

SE Brazil. Botokudo [Nyukuadn is a snake, the owner of water; causes floods; the rainbow is his urine; there is a sign that indicates the beginning of the rain]: Nimuendaju 1946b:111.

Chaco. Matako: Barabas, Bartolomé 1979a [flying rainbow caimans cause rain, thunderstorm; The sun feeds on them]: 130-131; Calífano 1974 [a girl who has her period is eaten by a rainbow; after that, rain causes a flood]: 46; Wilbert, Simoneau 1982a, No. 57 [as in Calífano], 64 [Metraux 1939:36-37; the Sun has two daughters; he ate lewó aquatic creatures that look like caimans; they are rainbows, produce thunderstorms and a storm, flying in the sky, causing rain; one of the daughters met Woodpecker, a honey miner, became his wife; Tawkxwax made the woman sick and did not go to the forest with her husband; tried to rape her, she ran away to her father; T. took her form; Woodpecker suspects deception, tells the ant to check; the ant bites his imaginary wife into the testicles; T. complains that the ant bit “her” in the leg; Woodpecker kills him, comes to his wife , she already has a child; the Sun tells Woodpecker to bring lewó; he swallowed it; his wife told her father to return it; the sun caught the fish that swallowed her son-in-law, and a woodpecker flew out of her mouth]: 126, 134-135; toba: Metraux 1967b [the girl stays in the ritual hut during her period; her parents forget to leave her water; she goes to the spring; Face (Rainbow Serpent) looks at her from the water; the rain washes away the village with a flood]: 138-139; Wilbert, Simoneau 1982b, No. 33, 34, 35 [(Metraux 1937:191; 1946:29-30); the girl had her first period; she was left alone, wanted to drink, forgot to leave her water; went to the spring and saw him as Lik (rainbow serpent); in the evening a rainbow appeared, it began to rain, everyone turned green, the village went underground], 83 [the rainbow is a water serpent; asks a person to carry it to the river; the man fulfills the request; runs, water for on their heels; he looks around: the water has subsided, leaving fish on the ground; since then, the Rainbow has given man fish when he needed it], 84 [Koomonaló's rainbow snake has been on the shore; one man carried him into the river; K. caused the water to rise, which carried the fish for the savior and left it on the shore]: 88-89, 89-90, 90-91, 177, 178, 353 [bulb-like black, pink, yellow, green mushrooms have excrement Rainbows; used as amulets to protect family members of the deceased from misfortune], note 1; 1989a, No. 13 [Pinyolqa's brother and sister stayed in the forest to eat honey obtained by his father, did not find their way home; the boy wanted kill the bird, she warned that the cannibal was going to fry them; they pushed it into the fire themselves, cut its breasts, there were two dogs; Magonalo rainbow fish sent a storm, people were running; dogs were killing rainbow; chased red nanda, he flew, they too, the children are behind them, everyone is now in heaven], 14 (eastern toba) [as in (13)], 17 (eastern toba) [as in (13; the widow promises to marry the one who kills the Rainbow ; the boy cuts off the monster's tongue; another person claims that he is the hero, but the boy shows his tongue)], 45 [sometimes Kasogonaga (Thunder) falls to the ground and cannot return; looks like a pig; asked put the man on the fire, got up with smoke, ordered him to run home immediately, because it would rain; another time the lake dried up and the rainbow snake was on land; the man took it to the river, she promised him abundant fishing; each time the water spilled ashore, leaving the fish], 48 (eastern toba) [the girl came out of the menstrual hut to the river for a drink; a rainbow snake sent a storm, an earthquake, at the village site a hill has formed; and now you can hear the voices of those who stayed under it], 49 (eastern toba) [the girl who is in her first period went to the lake to get water herself; a storm began, a rainbow snake crawled underground, destroying houses, everyone died], 50 (pilaga) [about (49), the village failed], 51 (pilaga) [as in (50); the big serpent Nanaykpolyo], 52 (eastern toba) [a menstruating girl went to the river for water; The rainbow drove her away; people killed the Rainbow with arrows, darkness came], 53 [if a close relative dies, it is dangerous to meet the Rainbow, eat it]: 17-19, 21-23, 32-33, 71-72, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79-80, 80-81; toba, matako [ the rainbow is a huge snake that sends and stops rain; foreshadows bad things]: Metraux 1935c: 142; chorote [rainbow is a big snake]: Metraux 1946b:366; nivacle [the turtle exhaled during the rain air, the rainbow came out of it; the rain stopped]: Wilbert, Simoneau 1987b, No. 40:111; Lenghua: Grubb 1911 [the rainbow is a snake-shaped monster, portends trouble]: 141; Loewen 1969 [a man cut off the tail of a snake- rainbow; then the flood began]: 126; vilela: Lehmann-Nitsche 1925b: 221-225 [contrary to his mother's warning, the young man kills many hummingbirds; finds colorful pebbles on the river bank, makes they have a necklace; in a dream it turns into a snake; promises the mother not to leave her; the snake sits on a tree for three days, grows, sparkles at night; then begins to devour people and animals; in the distant only man tells everyone goes away, goes to the snake; The dove advises to shoot arrows while running away; they turn into palm trees, the serpent climbs on each one, loses time; the same with the bowstring and bow thrown; The pigeon summons birds to war; Storks they rush to attack, but the serpent (aka the rainbow) swallowed them; Little Owl Caburé manages to blind the snake; the birds tear its body, swallowed out of the womb; after the rain, the corpse disappears, in the sky a rainbow appears; the Little Owl is made a leader], 226-227 [a timid and unsociable young man turns into a snake in a dream; in shame he rises to heaven in the form of a rainbow; descends to earth to devour people; the last runs; the mother of the snake advises him to convene birds; Hummingbirds, Herons, Falcons and others came; only the owl Caburé achieved success, pulled out the snake's eyes; his stomach was opened, swallowed out blind, for the gum was in his womb covered their eyes; one bird offered to wash their eyes, but the hawk Carancho said that birds should not make flutes from snake bones when they find voices; take pieces of skin for color]; Quechua ( Sagnago del Estero) [?] : Lehmann-Nitsche 1925b: 229-232.

Southern Brazil. Guarani (all groups): Cadogán 1968a [rainbow has two snakes]: 79; Lehmann-Nitsche 1925b: 229-232; ache: Cadogán 1962, No. 12 [rainbow is a snake in the clouds]: 78-80; 1968a [the rainbow consists of two huge snakes]: 79; 1968b [red edge of the rainbow — Membó Ruchú, “big snake”, blue edge — Kirijú Braá, boa conscrictor]: 92, 119; Metraux, Baldus 1946 [rainbow is a dangerous snake]: 443.

The Southern Cone. Araucanas [rainbow rises from snakes nest]: Lehmann-Nitsche 1925b: 230, 232.